Morgan Import LLC. “The Friulano grape doesn’t have particularly elevated acidity levels,” says Nicola Manferrari, owner of Borgo del Tiglio, one of Collio’s leading estates. White wines account for 11% of the total production on Friuli Venezia Giulia and only 3% of Italian white wine as a whole. Draper first discovered Friuli-Venezia Giulia when he visited Venice a number of years ago. The elegant, linear palate offers green apple, tangerine zest and mineral alongside tangy acidity. Est!!! “Sauvignon thrives in our unique soil—the ponca—composed of layers of ancient clay and sandstone from the Eocene epoch,” says Roberto Felluga, son of the iconic Marco Felluga and owner of the Russiz Superiore estate. When examining types of Italian wine, one must also consider region, appellation system, geography, and, of course, grape varietals. The rolling hills, iconic cypress trees and medieval hilltop villages also place it among the country’s most beautiful. Lowering yields has been crucial for making fine Pinot Bianco. Showing copper reflections, this vibrant wine offers enticing scents of white wildflower and orchard fruit. They believe that Collio Bianco’s future depends on focusing on Collio’s native grapes, not international varieties. Tuscany’s best white wine is Vernaccia di San Gimignano, made from the Vernaccia grape that produces a crisp, citrusy flavour. Sangiovese produces tannic, acidic wines that span a range of flavours depending on the local environment: from earthy to, often, fruity. There isn’t a lot of Pinot Bianco made in Collio, but what’s produced is superb. A Cantina Sociale is a co-operative winery. The fresh, delicious palate delivers juicy grapefruit, creamy peach, chopped herb and fennel alongside crisp acidity. Other producers, however, have built their reputations on blends of international grapes. Russiz Superiore 2014 Sauvignon; $28, 90 points. One of Ribolla’s biggest supporters, he’s phasing out other grapes to focus solely on Ribolla. Deeply aromatic, vivid white wines with flavor and presence. You’ll find aromas of tomato leaf, passion fruit, crushed rock and green bell pepper on this radiant white. It’s still fresh. This is a list of the 329 Italian DOC (Denominazione di Origine Controllata) wines ordered by region. “Until six or seven years ago, no one wanted it. His elegantly structured, complex Friulano became a benchmark for the wine, and today, the variety makes some of the most interesting whites in Italy. you agree to our use of cookies and the terms of our. But perhaps the most important factor behind Collio’s superb whites is the soil. Generations of experience have allowed Russiz Superiore to preserve and consolidate the best viticultural techniques and old vines, says Felluga. cantina means literally ‘cellar’ or ‘winery’. Italian Wine Regions and the Wine Classification System. From Lombardy in the north to Sicily in the south, Italy is home to 20 wine regions that grow a rich variety of grapes. By Kerin O’Keefe. Following are five particularly key varieties in their rough order of importance. “Collio Goriziano” or “Collio” preceding the name of the variety … On top of the wide grape selection, some producers ferment only in steel, while others vinify and age in wood. Start discovering our collection of exciting Italian wines with this curated list, or visit one of our stores that has an enhanced selection. In the region since the mid-19th century, when the grape was known as Rülander, it’s the most-planted grape in the denomination. To add complexity and flavor, many producers leave the wine on its lees for several months. The most significant, when both quality … But I’m betting you’ve never heard of the Turbiana grape of Lugana wine. Nestled within the Po River Valley, the region is flanked by the frosty Alps up north and is in close proximity to the balmy Mediterranean. – Yes, you’ve read it … Radikon 2008 Jakot; $90, 93 points. After nearly being abandoned, interest in the grape is on the rise. And while most vinify entirely in steel, others ferment and age part of the wine in oak for more complexity. Borgo del Tiglio 2013 Ronco della Chiesa Friulano; $80, 90 points. The crisp palate offers Kaiser pear, apple, nectarine zest, white pepper and a hint of ginger. Dalla Terra Winery Direct. “Capriva is particularly suited for producing Pinot Bianco,” says Paolo della Rovere, managing director of Castello di Spessa. Castelli di Jesi and Matelica. Angelini Wine. When aged in oak, the wines take on more structure and depth. A Cantina Sociale is a co-operative winery. For those who want a good Roughly, one could break Italy up into 5 distinct areas that could then be subdivided into the major regions. The vibrant palate is loaded with verve and finesse, offering peach, Golden Delicious apple, sage, fennel and a hint of candied tangerine zest. But I’m betting you’ve never heard of the Turbiana grape of Lugana wine. Northeastern Veneto is among Italy’s most productive wine regions, best known for producing its sparkling Prosecco wine. Unlike most other orange wine producers, he adds a tiny amount of sulfur to avoid oxidation. A Taste of Great Italian White Wine. Native grape Malvasia Istriana, one of the least-planted varieties in Collio, can make radiant wines loaded with finesse. This amber-hued wine is Josko Gravner’s calling card. Located in Italy’s northeastern Friuli Venezia Giulia region, Collio hugs the border with Slovenia. The following list describes each of the major Italian white whites: Asti: Sparkling wine made from Moscato grapes around Asti, in Piedmont. Italian Wine. Several factors have contributed to the success of Italian wines. Read about the Top 50, produced from a wide variety of varietals from several regions of the country. While dining in a restaurant, he asked the waiter to bring him a bot… “One of our ideas is to add another Collio Bianco category, one to be made exclusively with a blend of ­native grapes, and to have both Collio ­Biancos elevated to the more tightly regulated DOCG status.”. A mineral vein weaves through the elegantly structured palate, adding depth and complexity. Skurnik Wines, Inc. Editors’ Choice. Grand Cru ­Selections. Italians, especially in regions such as Piedmont and Tuscany, tend to treat whites as a warm-up for the main act, which is almost always a prestigious red. Boasting full-bodied elegance and hints of pear and almond, not long ago Friulano was a rustic wine made in large quantities, very little of which made it out of the region. 1. We and our partners use cookies to better understand your needs, improve performance and provide you with personalised content and advertisements. There are a lot of subtleties that are involved when it comes to Italian wines which are why having an understanding of the different varieties and types is … Primosic 2011 Ribolla di Oslavia Riserva; $32, 90 points. The one thing most regions have in common is the selection of grape varietals. “Among the many aspects of Pinot Grigio from Collio, including a touch of salinity from the soil, is the unique coppery color that shows the true nature of the grape,” says Giampaolo Venica, of Venica & Venica. Piedmont – This region is in the extreme northwest portions of Italy, and is known for the … Although most producers say the copper reflections are a result of skin maceration, Venica says it isn’t that simple. Piedmont and Tuscany are the Italian leaders in elite-quality wines today. Italian Wine Guide is an online guide about wine from Italy. Let’s explore five of Italy’s greatest wine regions – from Piedmont to Sicily – and the best wines produced in each. Sicily. “It’s more structured than other Chardonnays from northern Italy, but more elegant than those from warmer areas of southern Italy.” The combination of structure, finesse, drinkability and the area’s trademark salinity on the finish make Collio Chardonnays extremely appealing. “Malvasia makes elegant, mineral-driven wines with crisp acidity,” says winemaker Dario Raccaro, of his namesake firm. Italian white wines come in varieties that run from sparkling and sweet to smooth and fruity to crisp and dry. When many people think “Italian White Wine” Pinot Grigio is the first the come to mind and with good reason! Production wise, Lazio occupies the sixth or the seventh place in Italy, and despite the production of white wine (almost 90%), most focus is curiously on the few red wines under IGT. Barbera has heavy herbal notes, with plenty of acidity and the wonderfully tart flavour of black cherries. The Appellation System. Despite the region’s reputation for white wines, there are many fine reds from Latium that are making an impression abroad. For the whites these include La Scolca who are … Some say the grape can only make quaffing wines with little flavor or structure, while others are convinced it’s the most important grape in Collio, yielding wines with depth and complexity. Raccaro 2014 Malvasia; $32, 90 points. Lombardia. The region's reputation is mainly based on its white wines, the mainstay grape varieties being Trebbiano, Malvasia di Candia and Malvasia Puntinata.. The vibrant, elegant palate shows yellow peach, grapefruit, anise, sage and a hint of mineral alongside vibrant acidity. For centuries they’ve produced benchmark quality wines and continue to do so today. Almost amber in color, this boasts aromas of candied tangerine zest, ginger, mineral and a balsamic note. That, along with low yields per plant, creates the estate’s unique Sauvignon. Turbiana is the white grape used to make Lugana wine, a refreshing and dynamic white wine from the Lugana DOC near Lake Garda in northeast Italy. Italian wine selections vary in taste and flavor profiles significantly due to a variety of reasons the main one being the various different types of grapes used during the fermentation process in addition to the regions in which Italian wine varieties are produced. Home. Italy's Best White Wine Region. Collio’s growing conditions, including hillside vineyards with sharp day-night temperature changes that generate complexity and aromas, are ideal for producing structured, ageworthy whites. ... Buy access from only $1 pr. Tuscany Vernaccia di San Gimignano, one of Tuscany’s most elegant white wines and grape varieties was Italy’s very first DOC wine. The dictionary … Italian White Wines. A blend of 70% Friulano, 15% Ribolla Gialla and 15% Malvasia, this is perfumed with scents that suggest yellow flower, apple, citrus fruit and hazelnut. A number of white wines are produced in Italy. 257,152 acres / 104,068 hectares. Photo by Todd Huffman. Before diving into the specific regions, it is important to familiarize yourself with the Italian Wine Classification System. Made with Malvasia, Ribolla Gialla and Friulano, this offers aromas of toast, oak, white flower and almond. This ancestral home of Romeo & Juliet makes white, red, sparkling, and sweet wines of notoriety from grapes that are seldom used in the rest of the country. ; Bombino Bianco is a high-yield white grape varietal with a neutral flavor well suited to blends. Italy is divided into 20 administrative regions (see left), all of which produce wine to some extent, and all of which contain various wine regions. Regions of Wine. The DOC of Frascati in particular has been at the forefront of production for Rome, with wines of a typically easy drinking style designed to be drunk young. It’s often touted as the wine that best expresses the Collio territory. Pairs excellently with rich roasted meats and veggies. Piedmont: Known for the big, burly wines of Barolo and Barbaresco, Piedmont sits high and tight in Italy's northwest corner.Home to some heavy-duty red wines and the ever-popular, light-hearted bubbles of Moscato, this particular Italian wine region is dominated by three key grapes: Barbera, Nebbiolo, and Dolcetto. Italian white wines come in varieties that run from sparkling and sweet to smooth and fruity to crisp and dry. The nose on this amber-colored wine is initially shy, but it eventually reveals ripe stone fruit, crushed rock, spice and a balsamic note. These are dominated by aromas of tropical fruits like passion fruit, guava and lychee. Regional wines pair well with traditional cuisine, and Lambrusco is an excellent match for the Emilia-Romagna’s rich dishes, such as fatty meats, creamy lasagna and cheesy tortellini, aiding in the digestion of these foods. London, WC2H 9JQ; contact@independent.wine +44 (0) 333 577 14 17; Contacts page Italy originally modeled their classification system off of the French system. Usually non-vintage, […] Fiona Beckett travels from north to south in the country, seeking out the most food-friendly regional wines and suggesting dishes to match them… The following wine-producing regions of Italy are listed in an approximately clockwise order from … Puglian white wine grapes include: Trebbiano Toscano, a high-yield, acidic white grape often sold in bulk to produce blended wine such as generic vino bianco. The Rise of Pinot Bianco in Northern Italy, The Enthusiast 100: Our Top Wines of 2020, The Making of Wine Enthusiast's No.1 Wine of 2020, Sought-After Spirits That Aren't Pappy Van Winkle, California Privacy Rights Do Not Sell My Information. The wine is not at the top of the long list of Lombard industries. Then native grapes became trendy, and suddenly, Malvasia is in demand.”. Although the variety is indigenous to Burgundy, it is now grown in many wine regions all over the … Maps of the italian vineyards : Piedmont, Tuscany, Veneto, Friuli, Lazio, Umbria, Sicily, Apulia, Lombardy, Abruzzo. The linear palate delivers lemon drop, vanilla and Golden Delicious apple, accompanied by bright acidity. Unlike other Collio bottlings, which are varietal wines, Collio Bianco is a blend. The following list describes each of the major Italian white whites: Asti: Sparkling wine made from Moscato grapes around Asti, in Piedmont. The wines of Southern Italy are waiting to be discovered. “But in the 1980s, enologists were obsessed with high acidity, so they encouraged Friulano growers to harvest very early, when acidity levels were at their highest.”. The vibrant palate delivers yellow apple, orange zest, almond and mineral alongside tangy acidity. Zuani 2014 Vigne Collio Bianco; $24, 90 points. Italian Wine Regions. Italy’s northern Piedmont region produces some of the country’s most renowned red wines: Barolo and Barbaresco. It is thanks to this Lombard region that Italian sparkling wine has become world famous. Oleandri 2018 Lindsay's Vineyard Pinot Noir (Sta. Marche’s premier white wines are made from the versatile Verdicchio grape in the winegrowing areas of Castelli di Jesi and Matelica. Despite the bad rap it gets for the semisweet rosé it can be made into, this European grape is actually an incredibly robust variety used to make rustic, highly alcoholic red wine in … Sturm 2014 Pinot Grigio; $24, 88 points. This white wine is produced north of Venice in a region called Valdobbiadene and is made primarily from Glera grapes, though other grape varieties can be incorporated in a small percentage. It not only helped kick off Italy’s orange wine movement, it put native grape Ribolla Gialla on the map. And not just to go with Italian food. “Vinifying Ribolla like other whites—without contact between the skins and the juice—produced light-bodied wines, so I started carrying out lengthy skin maceration to extract more aromas and flavors.”. Home. ; Chardonnay is not an indigenous Italian grape, but it is grown in Puglia for bulk distribution due to international demand. There is a great variety of flavours and styles, something for every taste. Italy also has some of the most famous and prestigious wineries in the world. The residents of this wealthy and populous region are rather consumers than producers of Italian wine.. Pinot Grigio: As for better quality Italian white wines, often Pinot Grigio comes to mind. Muzic 2014 Collio Bianco; $22, 89 points. Located between the Julian Alps and the Adriatic Sea, the mountains protect it from harsh winter storms while the Adriatic’s warm breezes encourage ripening. Red wines, white wines, spumante, sparkling and frizzante, sweet wines and much more. Italy's Top Wine Regions . Understanding Italian labels. The northwest of Tuscany is mountainous and is famous for the beautiful Apuan Alps, the San … Festive Champagne & Sparkling Wines 5 products. The best Sauvignons are spectacular. Americans love Italian wines for its diversity of styles, protection of indigenous varieties, food-friendliness and, quite often, great value. This bright, fragrant wine offers aromas of an orchard in bloom, spring flower, peach and a hint of banana. Source: Vendors. Tuscany is a much larger region than many people realize, and it encompasses many different wine regions and climate types. bianco, white. Wine Emporium. Really, Primitivo is just a fancy Italian name for Zinfandel, the black-skinned grape grown in about 10 percent of California vineyards and enjoyed by your grandma and Aunt Judy over ice cubes in the form of White Zin. Toasted almond marks the close. Vibrant acidity carries the flavors, while a pronounced mineral note energizes the finish. Read more here. Italian white wines, once distinguished by their lack of aroma and lack of obvious fruitiness (very un-modern), are now generally very well made, offering an attractive combination of fruit and refreshment. Although Italian red wines are exceedingly popular, the lesser-known Italian white wines are equally magnificent. Collio, unlike most DOC or DOCG wines in Italy, is a specific wine region and not a specific wine type (white or red) whereby only a few grapes are allowed in a blend; up to 12 white and five red grape varieties are allowed. Nero d’Avola (red): A bolder red wine variety with fruity flavors of plum, raspberry sauce, and licorice with fine tannins with a somewhat smoky, spiced finish. “Now is the time to stipulate how we want to define Collio’s territory and wines, and to set our area apart, we should focus on our native grapes,” says Keber, who runs the winery with his son, Kristian. Any self-respecting white wine is based on the Malvasia, Trebbiano or on a mixture of the two varieties, with the most popular types being Orvieto DOC (which … Fragrant and fresh, this charming wine opens with enticing aromas of hawthorn, peach blossom and orchard fruit. For these ­reasons, Collio Bianco suffers from a lack of identity. Why? Collio’s Pinot Grigio is a far cry from much of what can be found throughout Italy. The best pair well with white meats and risottos. With over 1,000 indigenous grapes, some slip through the cracks and don’t make it to commercial success. Red wines, white wines, spumante, sparkling and frizzante, sweet wines and much more. In general, Sangiovese is the dominant red varietal, and Trebbiano is the dominant white varietal. Italian white wines, once distinguished by their lack of aroma and lack of obvious fruitiness (very un-modern), are now generally very well made, offering an attractive combination of fruit and refreshment. Italian wine is the most widely exported in the world but, at the same time, Italy also consumes the most wine of any country in the world. Edi Keber 2014 Collio; $32, 90 points. Lazio is a region in central Italy, and home to the ancient capital city of Rome. Made up of layers of marl and sandstone, this flysch, known locally as ponca, gives the wines their hallmark mineral energy and salinity. It’s never really taken off, and ­accounts for less than 5 percent of total production. Italians are known for their wine and their pizza, ... Wine-Growing Regions. Artisan Wines, Inc. Sturm 2014 Sauvignon; $24, 92 points. Aprilia is a DOC for red, rosé and white – some interesting reds are made here from Merlot and Sangiovese. In the cellars, ­Friulano must remain for longer periods with its yeasts.”. A number of Collio producers have very old Sauvignon vines that impart natural concentration. 4. Louis/Dressner Selections. They add no sulfites. It covers a much broader range of wine styles than more specific DOCs such as Barolo or Barbera d'Alba.Rather than being limited to a single grape variety, wines sold under the Alba title can be made from any one or more of around 15 grapes. The varieties, which often feature prominently on the label, make Collio an easy stepping-stone for anyone looking to broaden their vinous horizons. The large, fertile Emilia-Romagna region spans nearly all of central Italy, from the east to the west coast, and is one of the country’s oldest wine producing areas. So, let’s discover something new and get out of a wine rut with Privacy Policy, By continuing to use our Services and/or submitting the above information, you agree to our use of cookies and the terms of ourPrivacy Policy, Welcome to winemag.com! A note of bitter almond closes the tangy finish. In terms of drinking wines, Nero d’Avola is ubiquitous in Sicily. A number of producers are trying to change this. Italian Wine Guide is an online guide about wine from Italy. Usually non-vintage, but freshness and youth are essential to its quality. Gravner, another orange winemaker, prefers the term “amber wines.” He uses no chemicals in the vineyard and ferments with wild yeasts in clay amphorae. This exotic grape variety, grown mostly in southern Italy’s Campania region, makes luscious, full-bodied, floral white wines marked by rich pear and honey-spice flavors. Most producers refer to this as Collio Bianco, but it’s officially known as Collio Bianco Collio, and confusingly, as Collio Collio. Enticing scents of beeswax, citrus blossom and stone fruit waft out of the glass. Serve only slightly chilled. Many of Collio’s Pinot Grigios boast copper highlights, the natural color of the juice, according to producers. Italian white wines have improved dramatically over the past 10-15 years. Domaine Select Wine Estates. From $1. “It’s hot in the summer, but compared to other parts of Collio, we receive more refreshing sea breezes from the Adriatic.”. The structured, savory palate offers tangerine zest, yellow apple, lime and mineral. Around 60% of the wine produced in the region is created using white grapes, the rest using red. This noble native took a backseat to international varieties that dominated the area in the 1970s, and it didn’t respond well to the same winemaking methods, either. Italy is also famous for its sparkling wines: Prosecco (produced from the grape Glera) and Moscato (from Moscato Bianco). The first of its kind in Italy took place in 1963. Abruzzo's rugged terrain, 65% of which is mountainous, help to isolate the region from the winemaking influence of the ancient Romans and Etruscans in Tuscany but the area has had a long … Manferrari says the resulting wines were coarse and oxidized quickly due to unstable acidity. You’ll find aromas of beeswax, white flower and a whiff of orchard fruit on this fragrant white. Fans of Pinot Grigio can expect a light-bodied, delicate white wine that is a natural pairing for light dishes such as appetizers, salads, or fish. 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Purchases made through our links Italian sparkling wine production mineral along with acidity! Much larger region than many people think “ Italian white wines that are famous across the globe in. Country ’ s spiritual home—fall into the major regions popular, made from grapes such as Soave, made native! Structured wine baked apple, accompanied by firm acidity are essential to its.... Castellada 2009 Ribolla Gialla on the label, make Collio an easy stepping-stone for anyone looking to broaden their horizons... Made with Malvasia, Ribolla offers delicate floral aromas, peach and citrus alongside.