Taye T, 2002. 1988. 2(4):327-329. Tripathi. Dictionary of economic plants in India. advanced search... Login. Lindley, John. Genus name comes from the Greek meaning virgin (only ray flowers are fertile). The weed adversely affects human and animal health and can cause: 1. respiratory problems 2. severe dermatitis 3. tainted meat if stock eat the plant within one month of slaughter 4. tainted milk. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Parthenium is also reported as promising remedy against hepatic amoebiasis (Sharma and Bhutani,1988). p. 136-139. 1960. Former medicinal use as a diuretic. Parthenium hysterophorus is an annual herb used in its native neotropics as a herbal remedy for various intestinal and skin disorders using a decoction of boiled roots (Dominguez and Sierra, 1970). Indian J. Recently many innovative uses of this hitherto notorious plant have been discovered. Root decoction is useful in dysentery (Singh et al. Morton, J.F. Parthenium hysterophorus Santa Maria feverfew This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. The flora Homoeopathica (Reprint Edition 1997). Singh, U., A.M. Wadhwani, and B.M. World distribution of Parthenium hysterophorus (PTNHY) EPPO Global Database. 3 Morphology of Parthenium weeds. Abstract. In the present work, the pharmacognostic, pharmacological and allelopathic traits of various parts (root, stem and leaves) of P. hysterophorus grown in Pakistan were investigated. 1982. Antitumour effects of the sesquiterpene lactone parthenin. 1997a. Various weed control strategies are being used globally to reduce its population to manageable levels. Oudhia, P. and R.S. 1838. Common names include Santa-Maria, Santa Maria feverfew, whitetop weed, and famine weed. Parthenium hysterophorus L. (Asteraceae), a weed, also known as congress grass is an annual herb. Dictionary of economic plants, Englemann Weinheim. Kavathekar, 1990. All Rights Reserved. Dominguez, X.A. Parthenium hysterophorus or Congress plant. Mew et al. Humboldt University of Berlin, Germany. In Jamaica the decoction is used as a flea-repellent both for dogs and other animals (Morton 1981). Parthenium hysterophorus , green leaf use full tropical plant. Chippendale JF, Panetta FD, 1994. Toggle navigation ... terrestrial and aquatic, parasitic, poisonous and medicinal. Planta Medica. Levy. Parthenium hysterophorus belongs to the family Asteracaeae (compositae), many plants of which are capable of causing allergic contact dermatitis. partheniicola arrived fortuitously and has established in Kathmandu Valley, Nepal, nearly a decade back. Native to southern United States, Mexico and Central and South America, it has been accidentally introduced into several countries and has become a serious agricultural and rangeland weed in parts of Australia, Asia, Africa and the Pacific Islands. In: Proc First International Conference on Parthenium Management (Vol-1), UAS, Dharwad p. 1-12. Ecology, distribution, menace and management of Parthenium. Govt. Part… and K.K Bhutani. Towers, and I.G. Home; Standards . Legume Res. Rao, R.S. If you have trouble accessing this page because of a disability, please contact the NewCROP Center | email: newcrop@purdue.edu | phone: 765-494-6968. www.youtube.com/user/pankajoudhia?feature=results_main. P. hysterophorus belongs to Asteraceae family and is a fast-growing, upright, and much stretched annual herb. Soc. 1980. pankajoudhia@gmail.com. PP1 - Efficacy Evaluation of Plant Protection Products; PP2 - Good Plant Protection Practice; PP3 - Environmental Risk Assessment of … Oudhia, P. 1999c. Phytomedicine 20, 992 … The Biology of Australian Weeds 27. Medicinal weeds in rice fields of Chhattisgarh, India. Parthenium hysterophorus , one of the world’s most dangerous weeds, is responsible for huge losses to the biodiversity, agriculture, economy, and health of livestock and human beings. It is known to cause asthma, bronchits, dermatitis, and hay fever in man and livestock. Regular contact with the plant, usually over a prolonged period, produces allergenic dermatitis and asthma in humans. Bailey L.H. Manual of cultivated plants, Macmillan, New York. Register. Hist. 1991. 1996. 19:62-64. Studies on allelopathy ad medicinal weeds in chickpea fields. Parthenolide from Parthenium integrifolium reduces tumor burden and alleviate cachexia symptoms in the murine CT-26 model of colorectal carcinoma. Purdue University is an equal access/equal opportunity university. Int. Parthenium hysterophorus confers many health benefits, viz remedy for skin inflammation, rheumatic pain, diarrhoea, urinary tract infections, dysentery, malaria and neuralgia. Landowners are advised to never touch the plant with bare hands and always use a dust mask if working near the we… Compendium of Indian medicinal plants (Vol.-II 1970-79). B. Jain Pvt. Most tropical grasses are dormant and can tolerate moderate grazing during this period. Allelopathic effect of Parthenium hysterophorus L. on germination of Linseed. Distribution details in Brazil of Parthenium hysterophorus (PTNHY) EPPO Global Database. 54:218-220. 28-A, Geeta Nagar, Raipur - 492001 India Ltd., New Delhi, p. 147-149. In the Dictionary of Economic Plants in India Parthenium hysterophourus is described as a weed found in Poona and is reported to be used as tonic, febrifuge, and emmenagogue. Society for Parthenium Management (SOPAM) Parthenium hysterophorus L. [syn. Parthenium hysterophorusused in many medicinal treatments of skin inflammation, rheumatic pain, diarrhoea, urinary tract infections, dysentery, malaria and neuralgia. Parthenium hysterophorus is an annual herb that aggressively colonises disturbed sites. High competitive success rate and adaptability of the species enable it to dominate diverse types of habitats. Adkins. Parthenium weed, bitter weed, bitter-broom, bitterweed, carrot grass, congress grass, false camomile, false ragweed, feverfew, parthenium, parthenium weed, ragweed, ragweed parthenium, Santa Maria, Santa Maria feverfew, white top, whitehead, whitetop. Among 11 species of biological control agents released to control P. hysterophorus in Ausrtalia, winter rust Puccina abrupta var. Parthenium plant contains chemicals, like parthenin, hysterin, hymenin, and ambrosin, and due to the presence of these chemicals, the weed exerts strong allelopathic effects on different crops. The word parthenium is derived from the Latin parthenice suggesting medicinal uses (Bailey 1960). Quotation from this document should cite and acknowledge the contributor. Sastry, Tenjarla, C.S. Welcome to the parthenium weed portal. South American Indian uses a decoction of roots to cure amoebic dysentery (Uphof 1959) whereas parthenin, a toxin of Parthenium, is found pharmacologically active against neuralgia and certain types of rheumatism). In Homoeopathy system, allergies caused by Parthenium can be treated by a drug prepared from Parthenium. Copyright © 2001. 1981. In India, it is locally known as carrot grass, congress grass or Gajar Ghas. This weed is considered to be a cause of allergic respiratory problems, asthma, bronchitis contact dermatitis, mutagenicity in human and livestock. However, the prevalence and … In Maharashtra and Gujarat (India) the plant is used in the treatment of diabetes mellitus [13]. P.G. UAS, Dharwad. In Finland an infusion of Partenium is used in for consumption. Rice Research Notes 24(1):40. This erect, short-lived plant known for Johri. Plants for reclamation of wastelands. The plant has also been reported to have antibacterial [14] and anti tumor activity [15]. Rastogi, Ram. The direct negative effects of invasive plant species on agriculture and biodiversity are well known, but their indirect effects on human health, and particularly their interactions with disease-transmitting vectors, remains poorly explored. Parthenium weed (Parthenium hysterophorus L.) is an emerging weed species in direct-seeded aerobic systems of rice production. Pbl. Copyright © 2015, Purdue University, all rights reserved. Oudhia, P., S.S. Kolhe, and R.S. Panetta, and S.W. Mahadevappa, M. 1997. 6: 29-33. Plant Physiol. Go! J. Bombay Nat. and A. Sierra. ; Chrysanthemum parthenium (L.) Bernh. Parthenium:A curse for the biodiversity of Chhattisgarh Plains. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. 1998b. Its odour is said to be peculiarly disagree to bees and that insects may be easily kept at a distance by carrying a handful of the flower heads." Tripathi. Go! ... recent reports suggest its medicinal uses as antidiabetic, antioxidant [6] Notable species include guayule ( P. argentatum ) which has been used as a rubber substitute, especially during the Second World War; [7] and also P. hysterophorus , a serious invasive species in the Old World . A related species, Parthenium argentatum Gray (guayule) yields rubber which can substitute for Hevea rubber. Amoebicidal activity of parthenin isolated from Parthenium hysterophorus. Parthenium is used as folk remedy in the Caribbean and Central America (Nabie et al. (Plantas daninhas de Brasil, terrestres, aquaticas, parasitas, toxicas e medicinais.) Members of the genus are commonly known as feverfew . Parthenium hysterophorus is a noxious invasive weed in tropical and subtropical regions of the world, including Nepal. 1956. 1996. Arachis Newslett. First Int. Parthenium hysterophorus plant causes milk disease in livestock and also responsible for respiratory malfunction in humans. In many countries, P. hysterophorus is used as a treatment for skin diseases, malaria, rheumatism, and headache ( Raghu et al., 2014 ). Parthenium hysterophorus flowers in the wild, white color Parthenium hysterophorus flowers in India. Parthenium hysterophorus L. (hereafter referred to as parthenium) is fast becoming a threat to ecosystems in many parts of East Africa. Oudhia, P., S.S. Kolhe, and R.S. Oudhia, P. 1999a. It is native to the American tropics. However, parthenium may germinate and grow at this time. The possibilities of preparing homoeopathic drugs from the obnoxious weeds of Chhattisgarh. Central Drug Research Inst. Parthenium hysterophorus is a species of flowering plant in the aster family, Asteraceae. An Impact on Environment, R.D. The chemical analysis has indicated that all the plants parts including trichomes and pollen contain toxins called sesquiterpene lactones. of Miami, Florida. Medicinal weeds in groundnut fields of Chhattisgarh (India). Pankaj Oudhia Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi. B. Jain Pvt. (Indian Reprint, 1985). (1982) demonstrated that sublethal doses of parthenin exhibited antitumor activity in mice and that the drug could either cure mice completely or increase their survival time after they had been injected with cancer cells. 30-31 July p. 26. Oudhia, P. 1999b. 20(2):117-120. Hamilton, E. 1852. Plant based antiamoebic drugs. It has the potential to grow rapidly till the height of 0.50–1.50 m. It can grow up to 2 m in great soils (Laan et al. Tanacetum parthenium (L.) Sch. Tripathi. Despite the fact that Parthenium is considered a toxic plant industrial uses are reported in the literatures (Sastri and Kavathekar 1990). It was once a popular remedy in ague. Parthenium hysterophorus (Asteraceae) is a medicinal plant known as altamisa or chuchiate in Mexico, as Santa Maria or quinine-weed in the United States of America, and as congress grass in India. College, Mandlaa (M.P.) Parthenium: A new record for India. Parthenin has been reported as a germination and radical growth inhibitor in a … P. and B.N. P. hysterophorus growing/flowering season starts from March–April till … Bip. Unpublished report, Univ. The major components of toxic being parthenin and other phenolic acids such as caffeic acid, vanillic acid, ansic acid, p-anisic acid, chlorogenic acid, and parahydroxy benzoic acid are lethal to human beings and animals (Mahadevappa 1997; Oudhia 1998). It is believed to have entered India accidentally in the mid 1950s, and is now considered is one of the most feared noxious weed species (Rao 1956). and K.Y. 27. It is applied externally on skin disorders and decoction of the plant is often taken internally as a remedy for a wide variety of ailments (Dominguez and Sierra 1970; Morton 1981). In Compendium of Indian Medicinal Plants by Rastogi and Mehrotra (1991) parthenin induced dose-dependent damage to human leucocyte chromosomes in vitro and micronuclei formation in polychromatic erythrocytes of mice is reported (Dominguez and Sierra, 1970). White top ( parthenium hysterophorus belongs to the family Asteracaeae ( compositae ), many plants of which are of... New diterpene alcohol and parthenin from parthenium hysterophorus flowers in the murine CT-26 model of colorectal carcinoma of herbarium found., family Asteraceae ) is fast becoming a threat to ecosystems in many medicinal of... 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