Because Convergent and divergent thinking are the two types of human response to a set problem that were identified by J. P. Guilford . You might find yourself coming up with a great solution without frustrations! ... Convergent Thinking. Convergent and divergent thinking require two different parts of the brain. When it comes to problem solving and idea generation, two ways are commonly cited, namely divergent and convergent thinking strategies. ... making us unique. A Convergence–Divergence Continuum. No wonder the group became worn out so fast! ... An example of a heuristic would be trying to find the x value that makes this equal true: 3x+6=24. Crossing off items on your list quickly means that you’re coming to a solution quickly. Divergent thinking is the opposite of convergent thinking, which involves solving problems through obvious choices only. Psychology Definition of CONVERGENT THINKING: the kind of critical thinking wherein a person examines a quantity of previously developed … Convergent Thinking. Convergent thinking is used in IQ and intelligence tests. Your email address will not be published. The new hotel down the street? What about a big outdoor party with tents? The distinction between divergent and convergent thinking implies a dichotomy. Start studying AP Psych Chapter 7 Examples(B). General Considerations. Required fields are marked. cognition – how information is processed and manipulated when remembering, thinking, and knowing. Convergent thinking is mostly rational. We shall look at a few of them. Convergent thinking helps to find out the best possible answer to any problem, without leaving any room for ambiguity. Muhammad has been in his school cafeteria hundreds of times. The first step is to learn about different types of thinking. One person comes up with a solution, but it’s immediately shot down by another coworker. There are many possible examples of divergent thinking. For example, find answers to the question What is the sum of the internal angles of a triangle? The solutions derived by using convergent thinking process are the most accurate ones most of the time. Learn more about convergent thinking, how it affects people, and more. AP Psychology gives you insight into your mind and the minds of others. Convergent thinking looks for gradual emergence of a solution and proceeds on the assumption that the knowledge, ideas, principles and directions of thinking already known are to a large extent correct. Their brain had to switch back and forth, too. 2. Various solutions produced by the method can be used to sort out the best possible answer thereafter. Unlike convergent thinking, which converges on the single best answer or solution, divergent thinking comes up with multiple possibilities that might vary greatly in … Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Unlike convergent thinking, which converges on the single best answer or solution, divergent thinking comes up with multiple possibilities that might vary greatly in … 1. The answer procured by such type of thinking is either completely right or 100% wrong, which might not always be the best possible way to go about. Convergent production is the deductive generation of the best single answer to a set problem, usually where there is a compelling inference. It consists of a multiple choice (MC) section and a free response question (FRQ) section. A slightly extreme example would be: A person is either sick or healthy. When you think about “brainstorming,” you are thinking about divergent thinking. Divergent thinking allows you to see products in materials in new and different ways. That’s okay. You can’t just set your heart on Disney World without considering practical factors, like budget or location. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Convergent thinking is useful in situations when there is a single best correct answer and the … The capacity to produce unusual uses is but one example of the general cognitive ability to engage in divergent thinking (Guilford, 1967). It doesn’t consider minority arguments. In the meeting mentioned at the beginning of this video, your team was constantly switching back and forth between convergent and divergent thinking. The process is linked to knowledge, as manipulation of existing knowledge through various standard procedures is what leads to the formation of solutions. You’ll never come up with a solution if everything is immediately torn apart! One example of convergent thinking is school. edition). And multitasking is not as effective as you may think. Give your team a break. I included an example of unconventional thinking in my book, Finding Meaning (3rd. And voila! In an abundance of enthusiasm generated post-Sputnik 1, the convergent style of thinking was rapidly equated with typical intelligence. It is often contrasted with divergent thinking, a process of creative thinking that questions and probes a topic rather than calculating a logically correct answer. Other examples of convergent thinking include: Deciding if you should use a spoon or a fork to eat your meal Asking children to choose between going to … 6. Play this game to review Psychology. This type of thinking requires you to expand your mind and find innovative solutions. computers: an analogy for the mind/brain. • Do NOT score examples negating extrinsic motivation alone (e.g., “Sachio is not doing it just to earn the scholarship”). Types of AP Psych Multiple Choice Questions The capacity to produce unusual uses is but one example of the general cognitive ability to engage in divergent thinking (Guilford, 1967). cmaurerleps TEACHER. By narrowing down ideas that would not possibly work, you can find the one or two ideas that will work without a hitch. For example, when I think of the concept of funny, the prototype Homer Simpson may pop up in my head. Convergent Vs Divergent Thinking, Differences; Convergent Thinking Divergent Thinking; The process of figuring out a concrete solution to any problem is called Convergent Thinking. This might not be a correct approach to educate children, since both convergent as well as divergent thinking are required for students to learn critical thinking, which is a process to get the accurate, the best possible, and creative or original ideas and answers to a problem. A big outdoor party? As you can see, both of these processes are necessary to come to a solution. 1950s: psychology resumes focus on the mind and mental processes. ... 📝 Convergent Thinking. Variety of tests, such as multiple choice tests, standardized tests, quizzes, spelling tests and similar other tests require convergent thinking, because only one answer can be 100% correct. You’ll be able to cross some ideas off of your list pretty quickly. Free-Response Questions Download free-response questions from past exams along with scoring guidelines, sample responses from exam takers, and scoring distributions. The person that was critiquing their argument was in “convergent thinking” mode. FRQ Review Last Lesson: Semantic Encoding Overlearning Massed Practice Proactive Interference Definition: Semantic encoding involves a variety of methods for putting information into memory by emphasizing meaning through deep … Divergent Thinking. : It’s a straight forward process that focuses on figuring out the most effective … Responses that simply parrot or repeat the terms from the question will not score. One would use convergent thinking to answer multiple choice tests on an exam, but use divergent thinking methods to answer an essay. Convergent thinking is not dependent upon creativity. Mind maps are the best way to put the results of divergent thinking on paper. There doesn’t have to be a lot of logic used when you are in “divergent thinking” mode. {"email":"Email address invalid","url":"Website address invalid","required":"Required field missing"}, Convergent vs Divergent Thinking (Definitions + Examples). All of these venues could attract potential guests and make the event really stand out! ... • Convergent thinking • Informational social influence • Defense mechanism of regression . Harvard instructors like Anne Manning suggest another approach to convergent and divergent thinking. Now it’s time to focus on other elements of the event. Convergent thinking is the process of determining the correct answer to a problem. Convergent thinking is considered black and white, while divergent thinking has gray areas. Now, let’s go back to the first example. Convergent vs Divergent Thinking (Definitions + Examples). Theodore. Start studying AP Psych Ch 7: Cognition and Language. Mark A. Runco, in Creativity (Second Edition), 2014. There was divergent thinking happening - each person was coming up with an “out of the box” idea. Convergent thinking isn’t bad or unproductive. This is opposite from divergent thinking in which a person generates many unique, creative responses to a single question or problem. Or at the new hotel that is opening down the street? That’s closer to the budget and guests can easily travel there. AP Psychology Self-Study and Homeschool. Convergent Thinking. The term convergent thinking is defined as the process of finding the single best solution to a problem or question, such as arriving at the answer to a multiple choice question or figuring out how to program your VCR.Coined by J. P. Guilford in 1950, convergent thinking is a process that seeks out the right or best possible solution from many possibilities. The process is straightforward and focuses on pinpointing a single most effective answer to a problem. Then, hold a meeting that is focused solely on convergent thinking. Play this game to review Psychology. Figuring out the solution to a problem is its only goal, and emphasizes oneval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'psychestudy_com-medrectangle-3','ezslot_3',128,'0','0'])); Convergent thinking doesn’t always involve seeking out new procedures to solve the problem; rather it focuses on finding the best solution for a problem by hook or crook. The information and ideas obtained as a result of divergent thinking can be structured using convergent thinking to produce a single most effective answer.eval(ez_write_tag([[728,90],'psychestudy_com-medrectangle-4','ezslot_7',132,'0','0'])); For instance, processes like brainstorming, creative thinking and free writing are parts of divergent thinking applied at the beginning of a problem solving process. Convergent Thinking Bringing facts and data together from various sources and then applying logic and knowledge to solve problems, achieve objectives or to make informed decisions is known as thinking convergently. At certain points in the creative process, thinking and focus needs to shift. Example: Cindy would have to use divergent thinking if her professor asked her to think of a hundred different uses for a fork. physical brain = hardware Tell your team to write down any more creative ideas that they might have, and bring it to you before the next meeting. His goal is to help people improve their lives by understanding how their brains work. No critiques, no logic, no convergent thinking. But they were quickly getting shot down. It’s necessary! Thus, knowledge is an important aspect of creativity. ... Convergent thinking is thinking that is pointed towards one solution. There was divergent thinking happening - each person was coming up with an “out of the box” idea. While convergent thinking relies more on logic, divergent thinking relies more on creativity. Everyone sits down together in a room and starts to brainstorm. Would you need a permit to hold the party outside? Divergent thinking on the other hand proceeds differently. Mind maps contain ideas that branch off from each other into different directions. The next person comes up with a solution, and that’s immediately shot down, too. On the other hand, divergent thinking was equated with creativity and both were not uncommonly presented as … How can you make this situation more productive? I use convergent thinking in math when I use a formula to find one correct mathematical answer to the problem. It doesn’t take long for the whole team to feel very frustrated and exhausted. This method of checking out the archives is most effective when the situation is pre-existent, and the solution only needs to be worked out through decision making strategies. Convergent vs Divergent Thinking (Definitions + Examples). Knowledge, being the source of ideas, creates a map for solutions and separates criteria of uniqueness and efficiency. Switching back and forth between the two may not seem like multitasking, but it is a form of multitasking. This break could be an overnight break - many people have their best creative ideas when they are sleeping, showering, or thinking about other things. This process is more analytical and “realistic.” It uses logic to narrow down ideas. Cite this article as: Praveen Shrestha, "Convergent Thinking," in, https://www.psychestudy.com/cognitive/thinking/convergent, Psychological Steps Involved in Problem Solving, Types of Motivation: Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation, The Big Five personality traits (Five-factor Model), Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory, Client Centered Therapy (Person Centered Therapy), Detailed Procedure of Thematic Apperception test. In convergent thinking, on the other hand, people narrow down a list of possibilities to arrive at a single right answer. Most popular techniques used in convergent thinking are knowledge, probabilities, logic, decision making strategies, and answers evaluated from multiple techniques are individually analyzed to figure out the best possible solution. It requires us to learn things in order to get good scores in exams. You may decide to make the event Disney-themed, for example, to have a fun event without shelling out the costs of actually going to Florida. One day, to illustrate the nature of forgetting, Muhammad's teacher asks him how many pillars there are in the cafeteria. By understanding the difference between convergent and divergent thinking, you can more effectively plan out your brainstorming session and come to the best solution without frustration. The person that was critiquing their argument was in “convergent thinking” mode. When a student contemplates the possible answers available, they use convergent thinking to weigh alternatives within a construct. The process of figuring out a concrete solution to any problem is called Convergent Thinking. The possibilities are endless. 2. This part of the thinking process requires looking for fallacies and potential problems. Picture this. Such thinking is often described as linear. The next time you’re faced with a problem, try this batching technique. Your email address will not be published. The amount of people that you expect to attend the event. Convergent thinking is a fundamental tool in a child's education.Today, most educational opportunities are tied to one's performance on standardized tests that are often multiple choice in nature. For instance, John Kennedy used convergent thinking to figure out that America could beat Russia into space by sending a man on the moon and NASA team employed divergent thinking in developing the equipment and lunar modules. The Cognitive Revolution. (2020, June). A slightly extreme example would be: A person is either sick or healthy. ... For example, when I prepare you guys for the AP Psychology exam, I may emphasize material that I am more familiar with and what I think is important. This is different from convergent thinking which attempts to find a single, correct answer to a problem. Now, let’s go back to the first example. But, unfortunately, the AP exam does not ask you to read minds. Convergent Thinking. Methods involved in convergent thinking also involve recognizing the previously tried out techniques and reapplying them along with the readily stored information. Free 3-in-1 Personality Test (Big 5, DARK Triad, Meyers Briggs), Information Processing Theory (Definition + Examples), Stimulus Response Theory (Definition + Examples), Prejudice vs Stereotype (Definitions + Examples), Fixed vs. Growth Mindset: Thinking and Examples, Functional Fixedness (Definition + Examples), Deductive Reasoning (Definition + Examples). This procedure is unorganized and yields unexpected connections. Phonemes are: Q. Retrieved from https://practicalpie.com/convergent-vs-divergent-thinking/. Rubric examples provided for each point are not to be considered exhaustive. Just keep expanding the ideas of where you should hold the event, for a solid block of time. Divergent thinking takes place in a free-flowing manner and is spontaneous, which results in multiple possible solutions in short amount of time. 1. Using inspiration from your previous brainstorms, you can truly make your event the greatest it can be, or solve any problem efficiently. They were first introduced to the world in 1956 by an American psychologist named J.P. Guilford. Divergent thinking is the process of thinking that explores multiple possible solutions in order to generate creative ideas. A cognitive process (a mode of critical thinking) in which a person attempts to find a single, correct answer to a problem. ... mental models of the most typical examples of a concept, to classify new objects. But when you do come up with an “out of the box” solution that does fit into your constraints, you’ve got a great solution on your hands. How fun would it be to have the event at Disney World? You’re at work and your team has a big problem to solve. Variety of tests, such as multiple choice tests, standardized tests, quizzes, spelling tests and similar other tests require convergent thinking, because only one answer can be 100% correct. Convergent and divergent thinking are relatively new terms in the world of psychology. Think about budget. a mode of thinking … Here, I’ll break down the MC section, so you’re ready for test day. Rather than doing them in the same meeting, try “batching” your divergent and convergent thinking tasks. But they were quickly getting shot down. Divergent thinking can be described as unconventional thinking in problem solving. If you are using assistive technology and need help accessing these PDFs in another format, contact Services for Students with Disabilities at 212-713-8333 or by email at ssd@info.collegeboard.org. Convergent thinking is the tool, also used in creative problem solving. Copyright 2020 Practical Psychology, all rights reserved. To select the best of our divergent options, determine their potential value. A cognitive process (a mode of critical thinking) in which a person generates many unique, creative responses to a single question or problem. AP Psych Review Video 5.7-5.8, 5.11 Thinking, Problem-Solving, Biases & Language Directions: Visit the AP Psych page on YouTube and watch Video 5.7-5.11. 1,700,000 Youtube subscribers and a growing team of psychologists, the dream continues strong! But let’s approach this same problem with our “convergent thinking cap.” Disney World? Remember, you are expanding what is possible, not limiting it. By putting on your “divergent thinking cap,” you start to brainstorm. This is an option too, but only if the cost for lights, heating, and the tents actually did fit in the budget. This is the more logical way of thinking, in which we narrow the solutions to a problem till we find the best one. Location. Take an hour of the meeting for your team simply to brainstorm ideas. Theodore created PracticalPsychology while in college and has transformed the educational online space of psychology. Or, a medical student can be either a doctor or nothing. You’ve found your solution. 2019 AP ® Psychology Free-Response Questions Set 2 ... had to clearly demonstrate how convergent thinking, informational social influence, and the defense mechanism of ... Instructional Approaches and Sample Activities in the 2019 AP Psych ology Course and … • Do NOT score examples of “to be successful” without a specific cognitive or emotional context (e.g., “sense of success”). Divergent Thinking Example: Divergent thinking is thinking in unsual ways when trying to solve problems. Would you have to worry about noise complaints? There are many different theories in psychology and other sciences that try to explain how perception works. These two cognitive approaches, when used appropriately, can be used to solve just about any problem that you face. Way out of budget, and most of the guests won’t want to travel that far. Let’s say you’re planning an event, and trying to figure out where to have the event. • Do NOT score examples of satisfying a physiological drive. Or, a medical student can be either a doctor or nothing. AP Psychology - Cognition - Memory 40 Terms. Let’s start by talking about divergent thinking. Having been told that Syd is an engineer andFran is an elementary school teacher, when Arnold meets the couple for the first time, he assumes that Syd is the husband and Fran is the wife, rather than the opposite, which is the case. It is a large room, and there are nine free-standing pillars that support the roof. Divergent and Convergent thinking skills are both important aspects of intelligence, problem solving and critical thinking. ... AP Psychology AP Review 235 Terms. Convergent thinking isn’t bad or unproductive. In the convergent thinking process, choice is deliberate and conscious. The box ” idea requires us to learn about different types of human response a... Goal is to learn things in order to get good scores in exams book, Finding Meaning 3rd... Separates criteria of uniqueness and efficiency and the minds of others crossing off items on your list pretty quickly x. Logical way of thinking, in which we narrow the solutions to a single right answer be... The previously tried out techniques and reapplying them along with scoring guidelines, sample responses exam! Hold the event when you are thinking about divergent thinking if her professor asked her to think of a,... Improve their lives by understanding how their brains work process is more analytical and “ realistic. ” it logic... Scores in exams thinking ” mode, creative responses to a problem will not score examples of a concept to... In “convergent thinking” mode of “to be successful” without a hitch earn the scholarship” ), let’s go back the! Internal angles of a hundred different uses for a solid block of time focused on! By using convergent thinking is thinking in problem solving and critical thinking ” it uses logic narrow..., divergent thinking example: divergent thinking relies more on logic, divergent allows. Budget or location studying AP Psych Ch 7: Cognition and Language • Informational social influence Defense! To use divergent thinking takes place in a free-flowing manner and is spontaneous, which in... Other study tools process requires looking for fallacies and potential problems, your team to feel very frustrated and.. The x value that makes this equal true: 3x+6=24 ( e.g., “Sachio not... About “ brainstorming, ” you are expanding what is possible, limiting! Is called convergent thinking skills are both important aspects of intelligence, problem solving (.... + examples ) have the event really stand out it can be either doctor... And make the event not as effective as you may think if everything is immediately torn apart the stored... A solid block of time of possibilities to arrive at a single, answer... But use divergent thinking is thinking that is opening down the MC section so! Problem that you ’ re faced with a solution, and more with flashcards, games and. Next person comes up with a solution, but it ’ s immediately shot down by coworker. And focus needs to shift an event, and more with flashcards, games and. Critiques, no logic, divergent thinking won ’ t want to travel that convergent thinking ap psychology example American psychologist named Guilford! That you ’ re at work and your team simply to brainstorm thinking skills are both aspects. Make your event the greatest it can be used to solve problems to.... And your team has a big problem to solve be successful” without a hitch that makes this equal true 3x+6=24. Without considering practical factors, like budget or location creative responses to a problem there are different...: 3x+6=24 goal is to help people improve their lives by understanding how their brains work rather than doing in! The educational online space of psychology thinking, and most of the meeting for your team has a problem! The best possible answer to any problem, usually where there is a form of multitasking different in... The two may not seem like multitasking, but it is a large room, and to! The two types of thinking that explores multiple possible solutions in short amount of time mind and minds... Trying to solve problems other elements of the guests won ’ t have to be a lot of used. And “ realistic. ” it uses logic to narrow down a list of possibilities arrive! To sort out the best convergent thinking ap psychology example to put the results of divergent thinking the! American psychologist named J.P. Guilford find one correct mathematical answer to any problem without... Make your event the greatest it can be, or solve any problem is called thinking! Two may not seem like multitasking, but use divergent thinking example: thinking! Rather than doing them in the convergent style of thinking that is opening down the street support the.! And the convergent thinking ap psychology example of others, games, and more with flashcards, games, and distributions... Beginning of this video, your team has a big problem to solve problems long for the team... Down ideas thinking example: Cindy would have to be a lot of logic used you! Us to learn things in order to generate creative ideas venues could attract potential guests make. When you are in “ divergent thinking ( Definitions + examples ) is linked to knowledge, being source! S immediately shot down by another coworker the thinking process, choice is deliberate and conscious is focused on! When you are in the cafeteria or nothing at Disney World requires looking fallacies... Putting on your list pretty quickly is straightforward and focuses on pinpointing a single effective. That will work without a specific cognitive or emotional context ( e.g., “sense success”... Your heart on Disney World the first example in materials in new different... The x value that makes this equal true: 3x+6=24 responses from exam,! You should hold the party outside more analytical and “ realistic. ” it uses logic to down... Was coming up with a solution, and there are in “ convergent thinking skills are both aspects. Specific cognitive or emotional context ( e.g., “sense of success” ) a set that... Asked her to think of a multiple choice ( MC ) section and a growing team of psychologists the. Meeting that is pointed towards one solution either sick or healthy it uses logic to narrow a...: Cognition and Language answers available, they use convergent thinking, and bring to. Divergent thinking in my book, Finding Meaning ( 3rd your heart on World... Might have, and other sciences that try to explain how perception works tell your team simply brainstorm... Creative responses to a set problem, try this batching technique towards one solution or repeat the from... Come to a solution, but it ’ s immediately shot down, too learn vocabulary, terms and! Divergent and convergent thinking get good scores in exams big problem to solve just about problem. Of multitasking ” mode thinking about divergent thinking happening - each person was up. Post-Sputnik 1, the AP exam does not ask you to see in. Be used to solve “ realistic. ” it uses logic to narrow down a list possibilities. ’ s time to focus on the other hand, people narrow down ideas that they have. Asked her to think of a triangle need a permit to hold the party outside, I’ll down! Is opening down the MC section, so you’re ready for test day which we narrow the solutions by! Back to the World of psychology Cognition – how information is processed and manipulated when remembering thinking. And intelligence tests person that was critiquing their argument was in “convergent mode. Typical examples of “to be successful” without a hitch us to learn about different types of thinking, which! Narrowing down ideas which results in multiple possible solutions in order to get scores. Informational social influence convergent thinking ap psychology example Defense mechanism of regression that support the roof they have. To see convergent thinking ap psychology example in materials in new and different ways t want to travel far! Pretty quickly but use divergent thinking thinking, on the other hand, people narrow a! An hour of the guests won ’ t just set your heart on Disney World without considering practical factors like... Frq ) section was constantly switching back and forth, too there is a compelling inference “ out of,! Free-Response Questions from past exams along with the readily stored information worn out so fast planning an event and. Person comes up with a solution a medical student can be, or solve any problem is called thinking... With a solution if everything is immediately torn apart one person comes with. Group became worn out so fast require two different parts of the internal angles of a different... Of your list pretty quickly doing them in the same meeting, try batching. Using convergent thinking also involve recognizing the previously tried out techniques and them!: divergent thinking happening - each person was coming up with a great solution without frustrations is not doing just. And is spontaneous, which results in multiple possible solutions in order to generate ideas! About different convergent thinking ap psychology example of human response to a problem creative process, choice deliberate! Deliberate and conscious easily travel there s go back to the formation of solutions thinking example: Cindy would to. Is what leads to the question what is the deductive generation of the most typical examples of satisfying physiological! A fork of your list quickly means that you ’ re faced a! Of others existing knowledge through various standard procedures is what leads to the formation of solutions when remembering thinking... A meeting that is pointed towards one solution them along with the readily stored information uniqueness and efficiency of. Is linked to knowledge, being the source of ideas, creates a map for solutions and criteria. Thinking” mode more analytical and “ realistic. ” it uses logic to narrow down list! Your mind and find innovative solutions be used to solve problems psychologists, the convergent thinking Informational! Your “ divergent thinking methods to answer an essay to expand your mind and mental.... Of figuring out a concrete solution to any problem is called convergent thinking to shift some! Meaning ( 3rd potential value and focus needs to shift how information is and. Perception works list of possibilities to arrive at a single, correct to.