Year Created: c.1400 – 1200 BCE. Though often overshadowed by its Egyptian neighbors to the north, the Kingdom of Kush stood as a regional power in Africa for over a thousand years. It formed part of the research institute at Alexandria in Egypt that is known as the Alexandrian Museum. The City of Chicago entered phase four of the “Protecting Chicago” framework: Gradually Resume on Friday, June 26. The earliest libraries emerged not long after the first civilizations started keeping written records. After Constantius II, Emperor Valens hired four Greek and three Latin calligraphers to make copies of the Greek works onto parchment, which lasted longer than papyrus. The monastery is 1,000 years old. For the past several decades, most of the library has been closed off to all but a few scholars and students of the university because of extensive damage. Founded in 1747 by forty-six proprietors upon the principle of “having nothing in view but the good of mankind,” its mission continues over 250 years later. The oldest library in the world, founded by a woman, is being rehabilitated by another woman. Before the discovery of older ancient libraries in the early 20th century, the Royal Library of Ashurbanipal was considered the first library or the oldest surviving royal library in the world. According to legend, the city claims that it invented parchment and the word parchment actually comes from a corruption of the word pergamenos, meaning “from Pergamon”. The Balme Library is the main library of the University of Ghana and was named after David Mowbray Balme, the first University’s first Principal. – Naledi Mashishi Alexander the Great, who is believed to have founded Alexandria, got the inspiration for his own grand library after visiting the Royal Library of Ashurbanipal. The State Library of Victoria is Australia's oldest public library, established in 1854, but the famous domed reading room wasn't opened until 1913. It was in 859 AD when Fatima El-Fihriyathe decided to build a university with its own library, for herself and the … Taroudant - King Mohammed VI is expected to soon inaugurate the reopening of Morocco’s University of Al Qarawiyyin library in Fez, according to The National. – 2250 B.C.) Location: near Mardikh, Syria By Selina Cheng. Subjects. Year Created: 3rd century BCE The library was named after Alexander the Great, who initiated the collection of documents in 334 BCE. While nearly all of the libraries on this list have been destroyed, several complete works and fragments from their collections have survived. In charge of the restoration is Aziza Chaouni and her dream-team. It was recently renovated, and over 4000 books were released to the public, including a 9th-century Quran and a 10th-century account of Prophet Muhammad’s life. The larger tablets were originally stored on shelves, but fell over when the palace was destroyed. In 2019, Ms. Jenkins and Darius founded Library for Africa (a non-profit charitable organization). This collection of texts is the largest ever found from the 3rd millennium BCE. Location: Pergamum, Turkey (modern-day Bergama) The city’s scribes developed the Ugaritic alphabet around 1400 BCE, which consisted of 30 letters, each corresponding to sounds. Oh wow… I always knew Timbuktu (Tombouctou in Mali) because of the story of the great emperor of the kingdom of Mali, Mansa Kankan Musa.I knew it was the center of his empire, but it is only lately that I realized that it was one of the world’s first and oldest thriving university! However, some of them were saved and recopied. You must know the county where the divorce took place. We continue to mobilize every resource at our disposal and collaborate with national, state and local partners to develop a comprehensive and coordinated response to the virus. Still in Operation:  No – in ruins, but about 2,000 complete clay tablets and 4,700 tablet fragments have survived. Location: Caesarea, Israel Over the centuries, the Library of Alexandria was one of the largest and most significant libraries in the ancient world. In ancient times, Al-Qarawiyyin University played a crucial role in the exchange of culture and knowledge between Muslims and Europeans. African Library Project changes lives book by book by starting libraries in Africa. The Chicago Defender and Black Migrants from the South. Still in Operation:  Yes. See full address and map. Perhaps one of the most interesting accounts of its destruction comes from the accounts of the Roman writers. While we now know that older libraries exist, it was one of the first to implement a systematical organization of its material. Year Created: c.337 – 361 CE Manuscripts and archives. The Public Library was converted into the Africana Research Library in 1984 which has since become one of the finest research libraries in Southern Africa. Several thousand texts consisting of diplomatic archives, census records, literary works and the earliest privately owned libraries yet recovered. High-profile scholars traveled from all over the world to be able to study at this university, which is tucked away within the narrow walls of the Fez medina. Due to its age and importance in the Christian world, the monastery’s library has the second largest collection of ancient manuscripts and codices, just after Vatican City. It features beautiful Andalusian carved wood—as it was inspired by La Mezquita de Córdoba—stunning marble fountains in the center, and an open rooftop that lets the sun shine in. The Illinois State Library was established more than 150 years ago to serve as the official library for state government. According to the writings of Plutarch, the Library of Pergamum housed about 200,000 volumes. Located in Fez, Morocco, this library keeps around four thousand manuscripts and had recently been opened to the public in 2016. Even though the tablets were written in several different languages, the most important aspect of the library were the 1400 texts written in a previously unknown tongue called Ugaritic. The library is apart of one of the oldest universities in the world and was first opened in 859 CE. According to several authors, the Library of Alexandria was accidentally destroyed by Julius Caesar during the siege of Alexandria in 48 BC. Founded in 859, it’s the oldest working library in the world, holding ancient manuscripts that date as far back as 12 centuries. monastery itself is also considered one of the oldest functioning Christian monasteries in the world, Alexander the Great, who is believed to have founded Alexandria, got the inspiration for his own grand library after visiting the Royal Library of Ashurbanipal, The library was named for Ashurbanipal, the last great king of the Neo-Assyrian Empire, The library was discovered in the years 1974 – 1976, 4 Oldest High School Students in the World, 9 Oldest High School Graduates in the World, A Fascinating Look at 12 Types of Old Mustangs Cars Ever Built, 12 of the Most Popular Vintage Cartoons that Aired. Library of Alexandria, the most famous library of Classical antiquity. Some of the library’s treasures included the Gospel according to the Hebrews and Origen’s personal copy of the Hexapla, which was a critical edition of the Hebrew Bible. A ninth-century library in Morocco, widely believed to be the oldest in the world, is undergoing restoration to preserve its ancient treasures for future generations. Chaouni discovered that the library was rotting and that there was a river running underneath the floors. Founded in 859, it’s the oldest working library in the world, holding ancient manuscripts that date as far back as 12 centuries. T… Library of Alexandria. Still in Operation:  Yes. Some of the most popular personalities to attend the university were Maimonides, Abd el-Krim El-Khattabi and Leo Africanus. It is now functional for use with restored facilities. A treasure chest of Islamic culture (AP/Samia Errazouki). But neither the library nor the texts date back 10,000 years. The Great Library of Alexandria ( CC by SA 4.0 ) Theory 1: Julius Caesar . Location: Northern Syria. Constitute the oldest organized library yet discovered: see Ebla tablets. The monastery itself is also considered one of the oldest functioning Christian monasteries in the world and it is a UNESCO World Heritage site. Africa Check has not found any evidence that any of the texts in its library are 10,000 or more years old. He wanted to collect the works of the people he conquered, convert them to Greek, and store them in a library of his own. Most nations in Africa were colonized by European states in the early modern era, including a burst of colonization in the Scramble for Africa from 1880 to 1900. The tasks they had were incredibly hard, such as rebuilding the library’s foundations, installing a new sewage system, and re-tiling the spectacular green roof. They are home to all of the world’s works and other forms of media, including films, CDs, videotapes, DVDs, Blu-ray Discs, maps, e-books, audiobooks, and databases. Libraries are centers of knowledge and learning around the world. The library was named for Ashurbanipal, the last great king of the Neo-Assyrian Empire. You must know the county where the divorce took place. The monastery is 1,000 years old. The libraries contained diplomatic, legal, economic, administrative, scholastic, literary, and religious texts. Library - Library - The history of libraries: In earliest times there was no distinction between a record room (or archive) and a library, and in this sense libraries can be said to have existed for almost as long as records have been kept. Like Alexandria, Pergamum was home to a large library, which was second best in ancient Greece after the Library of Alexandria. African Library Project changes lives book by book by starting libraries in Africa. A treasure chest of Islamic culture (AP/Samia Errazouki). The National Library of SA is the oldest library and public institution of any kind in the country. The Public Library was converted into the Africana Research Library in 1984 which has since become one of the finest research libraries in Southern Africa. They also made several modern improvements to help maintain the building intact, like installing air conditioning, solar panels, digital locks and even a small café to relax. Location: Sinai, Egypt While he did not live long enough to see his dream come true, Ptolemy, who was one of his generals, began constructing the library around the 3rd century. The library was discovered in the years 1974 – 1976 by Italian archaeologists from the University of Rome La Sapienza. But modern life had taken a toll on the library, with its buildings falling into disrepair. Still in Operation:  No. It has been over 1200 years since Al-Qarawiyyin was first built, and it is definitely a must-see when visiting Fez, due to the impressive hand-made artwork and endless history this university holds. A ninth-century library in Morocco, widely believed to be the oldest in the world, is undergoing restoration to preserve its ancient treasures for future generations. It was founded by Constantius II sometime during his reign between 337 – 361 CE. Library - Library - The history of libraries: In earliest times there was no distinction between a record room (or archive) and a library, and in this sense libraries can be said to have existed for almost as long as records have been kept. The library was partially destroyed by several fires and thousands of volumes were lost. When his empire had stabilized, Ashurbanipal built his royal library and filled it with texts covering a wide array of subjects, including medicine, mythology, magic, science, poetry and geography. As many as 700,000 scrolls filled the shelves. When the Ugarit archives were discovered in 1929, archaeologists found more than one library. Year Created: between 548 – 565 CE Year Created: c.2500 – 2250 BCE Year Created: c.668 BCE Nearly all of the Greek classics known today are from the Byzantine copies from the Imperial Library of Constantinople. She kept her word that she would help. The ancient Greek city of Pergamum (also called Pergamon) was an important cultural center of the ancient world, only rivaled by Alexandria and Antioch. Several priceless works were lost after the library declined in the mid-7th century CE. The thousands of clay tablets they uncovered revealed a palace library, a temple library, and two private libraries, one belonging to a diplomat named Rapanu. Oh wow… I always knew Timbuktu (Tombouctou in Mali) because of the story of the great emperor of the kingdom of Mali, Mansa Kankan Musa.I knew it was the center of his empire, but it is only lately that I realized that it was one of the world’s first and oldest thriving university! The Chicago Defender was a remarkably successful in encouraging blacks to migrate from the South to Chicago, often listing names of churches and other organizations to whom they could write for help. The great thinkers of the age, scientists, mathematicians, poets from all civilizations came to study and exchange ideas. 1,157 years after it first opened, the world's oldest library has finally been restored and unveiled to the public. Year Created: c.197 BCE Located in the South Loop, Harold Washington Library Center is CPL's main library. The Imperial Library of Constantinople of the Byzantine Empire was the last great library of the ancient world. Most of its titles were archival documents, religious incantations and scholarly texts, but it also housed several works of literature including the 4,000-year-ol… The library flourished until the Roman conquest of Egypt in 30 BCE and it was burned down and thousands of scrolls were lost. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Most nations in Africa were colonized by European states in the early modern era, including a burst of colonization in the Scramble for Africa from 1880 to 1900. Still in Operation:  No. Located in Nineveh in modern day Iraq, the site included a trove of some 30,000 cuneiform tablets organized according to subject matter. It formed part of the research institute at Alexandria in Egypt that is known as the Alexandrian Museum. Address: 1113 Thandukwazi Rd next to Metro Police, Hambanati Village, Tongaat, 4400, South Africa, Kwazulu Natal. The Redwood Library and Athenæum of Newport, Rhode Island says it is the oldest lending library in America, and the oldest library building in continuous use in the country. At least seven different scripts were used in Ugarit, including Egyptian and Luwian hieroglyphs, and Cypro-Minoan, Sumerian, Akkadian, Hurrian, and Ugaritic cuneiform. Ebla (2500 B.C. After the fall of Constantinople in 1204 CE, a formal imperial library was no longer maintained, but some texts have survived and were recovered in later centuries. The al-Qarawiyyin Library in Fez, Morocco will reopen its doors in May 2016. The library was named after Alexander the Great, who initiated the collection of documents in 334 BCE. A few years ago, the UCLA (University of California, Los Angeles) Library began reproducing digital copies of about 1,100 unique Syriac and Arabic manuscripts from Saint Catherine’s Monastery. The Library of Alexandria is famous for collecting all of the world’s knowledge at the time, translating the works onto papyrus scrolls, and storing them. Additionally, the tablets show evidence of the early transcription of texts into foreign languages and scripts, classification and cataloging for easier retrieval, and arrangement by size, form and content. But this condition was reversed over the course of the next century by independence movements.Here are the dates of independence for African nations. He established the library to preserve the surviving works of Greek literature and the library even contained the remnants of the Library of Alexandria. Location: Alexandria, Egypt Ugarit Library. The oldest library on Earth was started by a woman, and finally everyone can visit it. The caretaker stares at the wrought iron door and its four ancient locks with […] Ugarit (Modern Ras Shamra) (1200 B.C.) It was the largest reinforced concrete dome in the world when completed and holds over 1 million books and 600 people. It was located in the city of Alexandria in ancient Egypt, which was the major economic, cultural, and intellectual center of the world at the time. Fez is the imperial city of Morocco and was once the capital, where many sultans reigned over the kingdom. But modern life had taken a toll on the library, with its buildings falling into disrepair. The Theological Library of Caesarea Maritima was the largest ecclesiastical library of the time, containing more than 30,000 Christian manuscripts. Our grassroots approach mobilizes volunteers, young and old, in the United States and Canada to organize book drives and help establish small libraries in rural African communities. Timbuktu Manuscripts (or Tombouctou Manuscripts) is a blanket term for the large number of historically important manuscripts that have been preserved for centuries in private households in Timbuktu, Mali.The collections include manuscripts about art, medicine, philosophy, and science, as well as copies of the Quran.The number of manuscripts in the collections has been … Location: Northern Syria The most famous library in Africa is the Library of Alexandria … The restored library in Morocco, boasts a new sewerage and underground canal system to drain away the moisture that had threatened to destroy many of its prized manuscripts – plus an elaborate lab to treat, preserve and digitise the oldest texts. In 2012, Morocco’s Ministry of Culture contacted Aziza Chaouni, a Toronto-based architect and engineer, originally from Fez, Moroco, to assess the library’s damage. A distinguished citizen of the city and wife of a town Councillor, Flava Melitene, is largely responsible for supplying the library. Year Created: late 3rd century CE The manuscripts were held in two separate locations: an ageing library and a new South African-funded research centre, the Ahmad Babu Institute, less than a mile away. These first libraries consisted of clay tablets and date back to around 2500 BCE. Still in Operation:  No – in ruins, but over 30,000 clay tablets and fragments have survived. Required fields are marked *. Timbuktu. The two private libraries were unique in the world at the time and may have been some of the first libraries made for private, personal use. Year Created: c.1400 – 1200 BCE The university is only 30 years younger than the city of Fez, and was built at the same time as algebra was emerging. One of the oldest libraries in Ghana the Balme Library is a local landmark in Accra. Your email address will not be published. Known as the oldest library in the world, our ninth entry resides in what is also the oldest operating university in the world. Our grassroots approach mobilizes volunteers, young and old, in the United States and Canada to organize book drives and help establish small libraries in rural African communities. The Royal Library of the ancient Kingdom of Ebla is thought to be the oldest library in the world. They found about 2,000 complete tablets ranging in size from 1 in to over a foot, 4,000 tablet fragments, and over 10,000 chips and small fragments. Origen of Alexandria – a Hellenistic scholar, ascetic, and early Christian theologian – and the scholarly presbyter Pamphilus of Caesarea, who were both avid collectors of Christian books were the main patrons of the library and helped it to achieve its large collection. This tablet is regarded as the earliest surviving great work of literature. Africa. Hambanathi Library. Still in Operation:  No – it was destroyed. The library houses several unique and important texts, including the Syriac Sinaiticus and, until 1859, the Codex Sinaiticus, the oldest known complete Bible dating back to around 345 CE. Location: ancient Nineveh, the capital of Assyria (near modern-day Mosul, Iraq) She also presented a statue of the Roman Emperor Hadrian to the library as a gift. Timbuktu. But neither the library nor the texts date back 10,000 years. Unfortunately, no index or catalog of the library’s works exist today, so no one knows for sure how large the library’s collection was. It was founded by by Fatima al-Fihri, the daughter of a wealthy Tunisian merchant (she also founded the Qarawiyyin Mosque and Qarawiyyin University). However, this was just a myth (parchment had been in use in Anatolia long before Pergamum was established) as the city became known for producing parchment and storing its manuscripts on parchment instead of papyrus, which was monopolized by Alexandria. But this condition was reversed over the course of the next century by independence movements.Here are the dates of independence for African nations. Still in Operation:  No – in ruins, but thousands of clay tablets and fragments have survived. Still in Operation:  No – it was destroyed in 1204 CE. for the “royal contemplation” of the Assyrian ruler Ashurbanipal. Africa Check has not found any evidence that any of the texts in its library are 10,000 or more years old. The world’s oldest known library was founded sometime in the 7th century B.C. The Sakya Monastery in Tibet does exist, and its library does contain some 84,000 centuries-old texts. The most famous text – that has mostly survived intact – from Ashurbanipal is the Epic of Gilgamesh. Use the FamilySearch Catalog to locate the correct microfilm searching the county in the topics of court records, divorce records and/or vital records. This incredible city has a rich and vibrant history, from the oldest tanneries in the world, to the world’s oldest library in Al-Qarawiyyin Mosque. Shortly after Darius graduated, he reached out to Ms. Jenkins and asked her if she would still help him to try to get a library built in Liberia (the future library will be named “Library for Liberia”). Copyright 2020 Oldest.org | Terms | Privacy | Contact | Facebook, Spread the loveIt’s hard to imagine life today without some form of language as it encompasses so many aspects of…, Spread the loveWhen you think of art, the image that might be conjured in your head may be of an…, Spread the loveWhile it may differ around the world, in the United States the maximum age limit that a person…, Spread the loveGetting a high school diploma when you’re a centenarian might seem like an odd thing to do, but…, Spread the loveHymns, songs dedicated to a deity or deities, are a timeless part of several religions and religious factions.…. Still in Operation: No – … Since then, the library has had extensive renovations and was opened to the public sometime in 2017. This ancient Nubian empire reached its peak in the second millennium B.C., when it ruled over a vast swath of territory along the Nile River in what is now Sudan. – Naledi Mashishi The ancient al-Qarawiyyin Library in Fez isn’t just the oldest library in Africa. The refurbishment came with its challenges and surprises for architect Aziza Chaouni. Although there is one continuously existing library that is older, the al-Qarawiyyin Library is often believed to be the oldest library in the world. Year Created: 859 CE Historical and contemporary material for the study of Africa. Your email address will not be published. The library at Saint Catherine’s Monastery located at the foot of the legendary Mount Sinai, is the oldest continually operating library in the world. Tell Leilan (Northeast Syria) (1900 B.C.) It was in 859 AD when Fatima El-Fihriyathe decided to build a university with its own library, for herself and the intellectuals of her time. Wallace, Marion, ‘Accidental archives: tracing Africa in the India Office Private Papers in the British Library’, African research and documentation 98 (2005). The Chicago Public Library (CPL) is the public library system that serves the City of Chicago in the U.S. state of Illinois.It consists of 80 locations, including a central library, two regional libraries, and branches distributed throughout the city's 77 Community Areas.. To several authors, the library was partially destroyed by several fires and thousands scrolls! Being rehabilitated by another woman, Hambanati Village, Tongaat, 4400, South Africa, Natal... In Africa, 4400, South Africa, Kwazulu Natal and public institution of kind! Know the county where the divorce took place Constantinople of the Roman writers records and/or vital records one! 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