Aboriginal leaders also see an important role for child care programs in fostering cultural identity in young children. Some of the work has been adapted from a PhD study (Carriere, 2005). Although I did not have the formal background for such a position, I agreed. In Canadian law an Aboriginal customary adoption may be defined as the transfer of parental rights and obligations from biological to adoptive parents in a manner which conforms to 3 Re Deborah , [1972] 5 W.W.R. Prairie Child Welfare Consortium / Centre of Excellence for Child Welfare: pp. Abstract This chapter provides some context on the issue of adoption and Aboriginal children by highlighting conversations, experiences, and knowledge from diverse stakeholders. (3d) 483 (N.W.T.C.A.) 203, ( sub nom. This era in child welfare termed the 'Sixties Scoop', saw the adoption of over 11,132 Indigenous children between 1960 and 1990 (Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples cited in … 203-221. Re Tucktoo and Kitchooalik ), 28 D.L.R. Provincially, as of 2011, 25.5% of the children in foster care in Ontario identified as Aboriginal, with less than half living with a parent that identified as Aboriginal (Statistics Canada, 2016). The Assembly of First Nations has stated that Aboriginal child care services that "reflect First Nations beliefs and values, [will] restore our children to their rightful place and, in doing so, restore our communities to a place of power and self sufficiency." Adoption and Aboriginal Children Jeannine Carriere Abstract Identity formation and preservation are complex issues. Ontario provides funding to the Ontario Federation of Indigenous Friendship Centres to deliver the: Akwe:go Urban Aboriginal Children’s Program for children ages 7-12 and; the Wasa-Nabin Urban Aboriginal Youth Program for youth ages 13-18. Custom adoption enables Aboriginal families, organizations, and communities to use a culturally appropriate way of sharing in the permanency planning for Aboriginal children. [cited Ontario’s Aboriginal population According to the 2006 census, ren and youth make up 6% of the total Aboriginal child 3 population in the province. Custom adoption is an extension of custom care, which provides temporary or alternate care for Aboriginal children whose parents are not able to care for them. More children are registered on the protected Adoption Resources Databank and can be accessed only by Ontario adoption professionals. The Professional website also has a databank of families with completed adoption home studies. Between the 2001 and 2006 census periods, the Aboriginalchild and youth (0-19) population increased by 20% while the non-Aboriginal child and youth population increased by less than 1%. Presented to the Honourable Laurel Broten, Minister Of Children and Youth Services Advisor’s foreword In the fall of 2009, I was approached about the idea of becoming involved with Ontario’s Ministry of Children and Youth Services as the Aboriginal Advisor to Minister Laurel Broten. The purpose of this article is to explore the importance of identity and adoption for Aboriginal children in Canada. PO Box 30010 RPO Boxgrove, Markham, Ontario, L6B 0R5 | 416-482-0021 | TOLL free 1-877-236-7820 We support the connection between families, and children waiting in Ontario’s foster care system for a permanent family, using technology, clinical support and cooperation with adoption workers in our province’s public and private adoption systems. As seen by these numbers, there are more children of Aboriginal descent living in foster care than families of the same background to care for them. Each case is designed to meet the unique The children featured in this section are only some of the children available for adoption in Ontario.