To ace the verbal ability section, it is important to have a clear conceptual knowledge of Direct and indirect Speech, their usage and application in the English language. Take it up! I didn't understand, are you saying both "tomorrow" and "the next day" correct or something else? Modal verbs are changed in indirect speech like, Can into Could, May into Might, Must into had to. a)    Direct: He said, “Alas! site design / logo © 2020 Stack Exchange Inc; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa. How shall I change the auxiliary "must" when changing direct speech into reported speech? To change the pronoun of reported speech accordingly. By the end of the lesson I will:• Understand the difference between direct and indirect speech.• Be able to apply this knowledge in my writing.• Accurately punctuate direct and indirect speech• Know when and how to change pronouns and verb tenses in indirect speech. b)    Indirect: He said that he would be in Kolkata the next day. Direct … English Grammar Tips - Direct & Indirect Speech, English Grammar Test on Direct & Indirect Speech, Please embed images of following types only : jpg,jpeg,png, English Grammar Test Questions on Direct and Indirect Speech, Abyeti Technologies Private Limited No: 5, AVS Compound, 80 Feet Road Koramangala 4th Block Bangalore-560034. It is always a good idea to make a distinction between the two because they have different meanings. "Could I have three kilos of onions?" (Correct), Direct: The old man said, “Ah! Speech or Direct & Indirect Speech is one of the trickiest topics in Grammar. 1. If direct speech comes after the information about who is speaking, comma is used to introduce the piece of speech, placed before the first inverted comma. Pass out one copy of the Student’s Page to each student. Direct and Indirect Speech: Direct Indirect Speech Rules and examples. Direct and Indirect Speech of Simple Present Tense. He asked for three kilos of onions. Rules of Direct Speech . Finally, report on what they said, … The changes of Direct and Indirect speech depend on some factors like modals, reporting verb, place, time, tense, pronoun etc. So what you suggest which one is better "had to" or "should" for my question? (My answer), Ans 2: She said that she should have a computer to prepare a power point presentation. Direct and Indirect Speech is used to express the content of any statements, questions or other utterances made by anyone. e.g. b)    Indirect: Radha said that she was very busy then. Suggestions. To change the reporting verb according to the reported speech. 1. Direct Speech We may quote the actual words of the speaker. Advise expressions with must, should and ought are usually reported using advise / urge. Then why book has changed "must" into "should". 5. Write the sentence in direct speech (use quotation marks) on one side and sentence in reported speech on the other side. We use reporting verbs like 'say', 'tell', 'ask', and we may use the word 'that' to introduce the reported words. b)    Indirect: He says/will say he is unwell. Direct and Indirect Speech of Simple Present Tense. We use reporting verbs like 'say', 'tell', 'ask', and we may use the word 'that' to introduce the reported words. In Indirect Speech, we convey the speaker’s message in our own words. b)    Indirect: She said that she would be using the car next Friday. c)    Direct: He said to her, “Please wait.”. Example: He asked, “Can I come with you?”. If you are reporting on what someone else has said, words like tomorrow or ago don't change, but the tenses need to make sense. Could: She said she could teach English online. Use the reporting verb, "say" or "said to" in its correct tense. had to: She said she had to have a computer to teach English online. She said, "I saw him." Scroll down to learn about direct and indirect speech of simple present tense. There are different ways in which people can report what people have said in a given situation, and as discusses in class, this can either be using direct or indirect speech. Correct any mistakes as a class. We have many worksheets to help you get to grips with direct and indirect speech. NEXT: Para jumbles Online Test. (Here the reporting verb ‘says’ is in the present tense OR ‘will say’ is in future tense; hence the time expression ‘yesterday’ won’t change. The pronoun ‘I’ is changed to ‘she’. The use of ‘that’ is mandatory. Example: The captain said that the ship was sinking. Punctuating Direct Speech. All the first person pronouns (I, my, mine, myself, we, our, us, ours, ourselves) are changed according to the subject … 5. When we use direct speech in writing, we place the words spoken between inverted commas (“….”) and there is no change in these words. Direct Speech is the exact words spoken by someone. Indirect speech is a means of expressing the content of statements, questions or other utterances, without quoting them explicitly as is done in direct speech.For example, He said "I'm coming" is direct speech, whereas He said (that) he was coming is indirect speech. It is enclosed within quotation marks. "I was in Hawaii last month," Jane told me. Learn about direct and indirect speech and how to punctuate it properly. I read a rule saying "must" remain same or change into "had to" or "would have to". Direct: Rama said, „I must complete the assignment‟. Remove the conjunctions "that, to, if or whether etc" wherever necessary. Indirect speech, the report uses the same words of the speaker, whereas, in indirect speech, one does not use the speaker’s exact words. The Tense in Indirect Speech is NOT CHANGED if the words within the quotation marks talk of a universal truth or habitual action. (Incorrect), Direct: The policeman said, “Where are you going?” (Correct), As a gesture of support, please follow us on Facebook and YouTube, {{sectionContentCount}} {{contentCountNoun}}, {{weeklyWinner.userName}} {{}}, (to receive Certificate and Gift Vouchers ). The second part of the direct speech starts with a capital letter if it is a new sentence. We have several names for the above punctuation marks: Inverted commas Speech marks Quotation marks Quotes. Must is a somewhat strong word that means required, non-optional or mandatory. Look at the examples below and separate reporting speech … Direct Speech - Indirect Speech. There are five basic things that have to be changed while converting a Direct speech to an Indirect speech. You can check the complete information of changes in Direct and Indirect speech. What's the difference between "must" kept unchanged and "must" that has to be changed into "had to"? “I love dogs,” said Anne. 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