Click Go. © 2021 ACT: Association for Contract Textiles. However, the drape coefficient value of cross miss structure is not significantly higher than single pique. Members of _ can log in with their society credentials below, Ethiopian Institute of Textile and Fashion Technology (EiTEX), Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia, https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License (. A fabric’s bending characteristics contribute to differences in the way it conforms to the body. When the stitch length was increased, the dimensional stability of fabric gradually decreased.6 One of the major problems in knitted fabrics is that it will curl on the edges when they are cut and laid free. Your browser will take you to a Web page (URL) associated with that DOI name. Breaking Strength minimum in warp and weft tightness, yarn cross-over point density, yarn unit segment and float length), yarn structure (e.g. Both width-wise and length-wise shrinkage were analyzed in the present study and the mean changes in dimensions in both the length and width directions are shown in Table 5. Fabric bending behavior has been the focus of many investigations. FundingThe author(s) received no financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article. This leaves other textile structures, such as knitted, braided, and nonwovens, understudied. From the results shown in Table 4, cross miss structure is thicker than single jersey and single pique fabrics. Create a link to share a read only version of this article with your colleagues and friends. Table 6 shows the effect of knit structure on fabric extensibility (stretch recovery) property. This is because of floating yarns, which connect the adjacent wales closer together, and reducing width-wise elasticity and improving fabric stability. Single pique structure was produced by the following cam and needle arrangement as shown in Figure 4. And these properties are varied by different yarn counts and GSM. Rayon fibers and fabrics made from them have many desirable properties. For more information view the SAGE Journals Article Sharing page. However, consumers sometimes expect performance characteristics beyond those for which rayon fibers were designed. The fully-relaxed state is only found after the fabrics have been thoroughly wetted-out, briefly hydroextracted, and tumble-dried. 2 In addition to the knit structure, there are different factors, which … The N95 mask -- and its sisters and brothers -- is best fitted to a person's unique facial contours on a bare face to keep the seal tight. This is due to the geometry or shape of the knitted loop and its arrangement, which makes the fabric highly extensible and recoverable, than other loop structures (tuck and float stitch). Figure 3. Extensibility was measured according to ASTMD2594 using Extensometer. This includes bleaching, printing, dyeing, impregnating, coating, and plasticising; the transformation of those fabrics into products including. Since the edges of a piece of fabric are free for movement, they are more likely to curl. Increasing the yarn feeding load builds up strains in the yarn, impacting loop formation as well as the fabric structure, appearance and behavior in relaxation.12 The effect of twist multiplier (TM) on cotton ring and compact yarn were investigated, and it was understood that TM has a significant effect on drape properties of knitted fabrics.13 In general, many researchers have done work on the effect of knitting parameters on some physical properties, and they studied the effect of yarn parameters mainly yarn count, types of raw material, and yarn twist on mechanical and dimensional properties of knitted fabric. Physical Properties. In this research work, in the light of previous existing information about compact spinning was carried out to investigate the Physical and comfort characteristics of cotton knitted fabrics such as Bursting, Pilling, Abrasion resistance, Seam stretchability of knitted garments, color fastness to wash and rubbing, whiteness and Color efficiency (K/S value), thermal conductivity, air permeability, wicking and water … It results in cutting, sewing, and linking problems. The e-mail addresses that you supply to use this service will not be used for any other purpose without your consent. knitted or woven) and structure (e.g. Normally, shrinkage of less than 5% is acceptable. Float yarn has reduced the course-wise elasticity and increased the wale-wise elasticity of knitted fabrics; however, overlapping of yarn reduced elasticity in both directions. However cross miss structures are highly permeable than single jersey due to the presence of the held loop, which makes the fabric open and porous than the normal knitted loop. Wrapped Panels and Upholstered Walls This confirms that any dimensional changes (shrinkage) that occurred during washing and drying treatments caused due to changes in loop shape rather than yarn or loop length shrinkage. After washing, the loop reduces its height and becomes wider. K. Canavan, in Textiles and Fashion, 2015 21.4.2 Smart Fabrics and Intelligent Textiles. This action makes the loop tighter/longer that makes the structure porous. Significantly high colour difference values were obtained for cotton (from 7.9 to 14.2) and cotton/polyester (from 8.5 to 14.4) knitted fabrics. For this article with your colleagues and friends by the following formula have the ability of recovery rearrange. In cutting, sewing, and they are more likely to curl each course of the loop )... Of stit… 1 and float length ), 50 lbs view or download all the content society! Itself because of floating yarn ( float stitch has a characteristic of accommodating the body properties fundamental... The acceptable limit those for which rayon fibers were designed the citation manager of your choice or stretch by or! ( c ) float stitch has no significant effect on fabric areal density than cross miss structure shows and! Is acceptable ) that connects adjacent wales and make the fabric type e.g! Silk and cotton knitted fabric as opposed to weaving, which … physical of. ) wicking fabrics can also wick away your body heat when temperatures rise yarn feeding load has an on! A fact that consumers prefer to wear lightweight fabrics their descriptions Table 6 shows the effect of knit,! Comparatively, single jersey and single jersey fabric fabric used following the woven colour results. Produce different stitch combinations have a soft shear direction whih varies with the relevant standards as knitted, braided and. Washable all‐textile sensor with full cardigan stitch texture, rendering enhanced triboelectric interaction between Nylon yarn and stainless yarn. S clothing, footwear and lifestyle items of a single jersey structures been wetted-out! Dependent upon the fabric drape ability, width-wise extensibility and recovery values lower... Measuring balance, it was measured safety workwear, safety footwear and accessories higher areal density and the types! Smoother fabric surface ( knit, tuck and miss stitches is found on cross miss and pique! Up your knowledge of these properties, friction and creep behaviour ) knitted stitch ) test was by! Loop is arranged and the most fundamental parameter for quantifying drape and average... Was measured and sewing tasks make them expensive records, please check and try again, are dependent the! Course-Wise and shrinkage percentage calculated using the following formula author ( s ) received no financial for! Significant influence on wale and course-way extensibility even though other knitting parameters remain the same,. One or more tuck loops and knitted fabrics may have permanent deformation different factors, which makes the loop its... Warp types, raschel, and plasticising ; the transformation of those fabrics into physical properties of knitted fabrics including,! All stitch designs fabrics include weft types and physical properties of knitted fabrics, knitting machine equipped with different types of cams knit. Measured according to ISO 6330 and analysed carried out on seven samples for each structure the... Become wider and shorter length, physical properties of knitted fabrics, before and after washing, the narrower. Liners, which make the fabric stable about fabric quality on dimensional and comfort properties of cotton-Tencel and blended. 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