Royal Sovereign firing her 15-inch (381 mm) guns during gunnery practice late in the First World WarRoyal Sovereign was laid down on 15 January 1914 at the Portsmouth Dockyard. HMS Royal Sovereign was a 1st Rate Ship-of-the-Line of the Royal Navy, bearing 100 guns. [13] Royal Sovereign was by now almost or totally unmanageable and virtually uninhabitable. The ship was launched on 29 April 1915 and commissioned in May 1916. ロイヤル・サブリン (HMS Royal Sovereign, 05) は、イギリス海軍の戦艦。リヴェンジ級戦艦 (Revenge class battleship) の1隻[1]。第二次世界大戦終盤にソビエト連邦に供与され、ソ連海軍の戦艦アルハンゲリスク (Архангельск) となった[2]。1949年2月にイギリスに返還され、解体された[3]。愛称は『ロイヤル・ルーブル(Royal Rouble)』[4]。, 本艦は1913年度海軍整備計画でポーツマス海軍工廠で1914年1月15日起工。1915年4月29日進水。1916年4月18日竣工、同年5月に就役し本国艦隊 (The Home Fleet) およびグランド・フリート(英語版)に所属したが、ユトランド沖海戦時には機関故障で参加する事が出来なかった[5]。, 1930年代初頭に近代化改装が行われた。主砲の最大仰角を15度から倍の30度に引き上げて射程距離の延伸を行った。1933年には艦尾にカタパルトを配備したが1936年には早くも撤去されている[6]。1938年に対空攻撃力強化のため10.2cm単装高射砲を10.2cm連装高射砲に換装した。1939年に姉妹艦ラミリーズ(HMS Ramillies, 07)とともに箱型艦橋への改装が構想されたが実現しなかった[註釈 1][7]。, 同年9月に第二次世界大戦が開始された時に本艦は依然として本国艦隊(司令長官チャールズ・フォーブス(英語版)大将)麾下の第二戦隊(英語版) (2nd Battle Squadron) に所属した。その第二戦隊からネルソン級戦艦2隻が出動したり、巡洋戦艦戦隊の高速艦3隻(フッド、レナウン、レパルス)が引き抜かれてドイツ海軍の通商破壊艦の捜索に就いている時も、低速の本艦は主だった活動はなかった。, 1940年になると、本艦は、カニンガム提督が率いる地中海艦隊 (Mediterranean Fleet) に編入された[10]。1940年5月4日にアレクサンドリア到着。6月10日、ムッソリーニ首相の主導によりイタリア王国がイギリスとフランスに宣戦布告して地中海の戦いが始まり、地中海戦線が形成された。 HMS Royal Sovereign was a 100-gun first-rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, which served as the flagship of Admiral Collingwood at the Battle of Trafalgar. [6] At 2.20 pm Santa Ana finally struck to Royal Sovereign. Строился на казённой верфи в Портсмуте, Великобритания. Die Schiffe der Royal-Sovereign-Klasse wurde nach dem Naval Defence Act 1889, der eine Summe von 21 Millionen Britische Pfund für die Flottenerweiterung vorsah, gebaut. Due to the re-coppering of her hull prior to her arrival off Cádiz, Royal Sovereign was a considerably better sailer in the light winds present that day than other vessels, and pulled well ahead of the rest of the fleet. [6][16] Realising that he might have to take command of the rest of the fleet and with his ship according to his report being "perfectly unmanageable",[8] by 3 pm he signalled for the frigate Euryalus to take Royal Sovereign in tow. [7] Euryalus towed her round to support the rest of the British ships with her port-side guns, and became engaged with combined fleet's van under Pierre Dumanoir le Pelley, as it came about to support the collapsing centre. It was later renamed HMS Sovereign, and then HMS Royal Sovereign at the Restoration of Charles II. HMS Royal Sovereign (M aritime Quest, click to enlarge) return to Contents List ROYAL SOVEREIGN-Class battleship ordered from HM Dockyard, Portsmouth under the 1913 Build Programme and laid down on 15th January 1914. Pertenecía a la Clase Revenge, también conocida como clase R … The HMS Royal Sovereign is a British battleship built before World War 1 and served all the way until the start of the Cold War. Das Gesetz sah den Bau von zeh… [10] Royal Sovereign exchanged fire with the arriving ships, until Collingwood rallied several relatively undamaged British ships around Royal Sovereign, and Dumanoir gave up any attempt to recover some of the prizes, and made his escape at 4.30pm. Entrò in servizio dopo la battaglia dello Jutland, durante la prima guerra mondiale, prestando poi servizio nella seconda guerra mondiale. The ship was commissioned in 1892 and served as the flagship of the Channel Fleet for the next five years. Das Schiff wurde von Sir Edward Hunt entworfen und lief am 11. The illustrious vessel sails into Black Seas. To add to the distress of this dreadful scene, an unhappy woman, with her infant in her arms, who stood on the quarter-deck of the Bellisarius, attempted to save the life of her infant by throwing it on board the Royal Sovereign at the instant of the two ships meeting, but unfortunately it fell between the two ships sides, and was crushed to atoms before the eyes of its unhappy mother, who, in her distraction of mind, instantly precipitated herself into the sea, and shared the grave of her child. At approximately the same moment, Collingwood remarked to his captain, Edward Rotheram, 'What would Nelson give to be here? [12] This left Collingwood in command of the fleet, and with a storm rising, and disregarding Nelson's final order to bring the fleet to anchor, Collingwood ordered Blackwood to hoist the signal to all ships to come to the wind on the starboard tack, and to take disabled and captured ships in tow. HMS Royal Sovereign was originally laid down as a 121-gun first-rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy. HMS Royal Sovereign — запланирован как 110-пушечный корабль 1 ранга. [17], Royal Sovereign returned to duty in the Mediterranean the next year and remained on the blockade of Toulon until November 1811, when she was ordered to return home to the Channel Fleet. Le HMS Royal Sovereign est un vaisseau de ligne de 1er rang de 100 canons construit en 1786 et en service dans la Royal Navy jusqu'en 1825. English: HMS Royal Sovereign was a British battleship in commission 1916-1944 with the Royal Navy, and as Arkhangelsk served with the Soviet Navy 1944-1949. Sie wurde im Ersten Weltkrieg erst nach der Skagerrakschlacht in Dienst gestellt und im Zweiten Weltkrieg hauptsächlich für Hilfsaufgaben eingesetzt. Four of her guns were saved and are incorporated in the Collingwood Monument in Tynemouth. HMS Neptune took over the tow on 22 October, and was replaced by HMS Mars on 23 October. Royal Sovereign lost her mizzen and mainmasts, her foremast was badly damaged and much of her rigging was shot away. Four of her g… Royal Sovereign had lost one lieutenant, her master, one lieutenant of marines, two midshipman, 29 seamen, and 13 marines killed, and two lieutenants, one lieutenant of marines, one master's mate, four midshipman, her boatswain, 69 seamen, and 16 marines wounded. This page was last edited on 1 March 2019, at 12:24. She would have mounted sixteen 8 in (200 mm) cannon, 114 32-pounder (15 kg) guns, and a 68-pounder (31 kg) pivot gun. HMS Royal Sovereign HMS Royal Sovereign Aluksen vaiheet Rakentaja Portsmouthin laivastontelakka Kölinlasku 15. tammikuuta 1914 Laskettu vesille 29. huhtikuuta 1915 HMS Royal Sovereign (viirinumero 05) oli Britannian kuninkaallisen laivaston 1915 vesillelaskettu Revenge-luokan taistelulaiva, joka osallistui sekä ensimmäiseen että toiseen maailmansotaan. W .Ward Ltd.)」の解体場に5月18日に曳航されて解体された[28]。, 第二次世界大戦が勃発すると、英艦船には直ちに迷彩塗装がなされたが、海軍省指定迷彩の策定は1941年にまでもつれ込んだ, この頃の王立海軍は人員不足が喫緊の課題となっており、既に老朽艦というべき本艦でその乗組員を遊ばせておくわけにはいかなかった, Maritimequest HMS Royal Sovereign Photo Gallery, Photos of Russian Northern Fleet during WWII, https://ja.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=ロイヤル・サブリン_(戦艦・2代)&oldid=81251425, 瀬名堯彦『幻のソ連戦艦建造計画 大型戦闘艦への試行錯誤のアプローチ』潮書房光人社、2017年、. She had been built using some of the salvageable timbers from the previous Royal Sovereign, which had been destroyed by fire in 1697. Santa Ana struck at 14:15, having suffered casualties numbering 238 dead and wounded after battling Royal Sovereign and HMS Belleisle. La HMS Royal Sovereign (pennant number: 05) era una nave da battaglia classe Revenge della Royal Navy. HMS Royal Sovereign was a 100-gun first-rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy,[1] which served as the flagship of Admiral Collingwood at the Battle of Trafalgar. Sovereign of the Seas was a 17th-century warship of the English Navy. [1] She was still working up duri… Сражался при Трафальгаре в … A partire dal 1944 servì nella Marina sovietica col nome di Arkhangelsk. The Revenge-class battleships (which is the class of ships the Royal Sovereign was part of) were supposed to be an upgraded and more cost efficient versions of the Queen Elizabeth-class battleships. On 31 August, the day before the German invasion of Poland, Royal Sovereign was assigned to a screening force in the Greenland-Iceland-United Kingdom gap to patrol for German merchant ships that might be attempting to reach Germany. She was at the Battle of Trafalgar, renamed HMS Captain after being reduced to harbour service in 1825, and was broken up in 1841. She was the third of seven Royal Navy ships to bear the name. She was ordered as a 90-gun first-rate ship of the line of the English Royal Navy, but at launch was armed with 102 bronze guns at the insistence of the king. Royal Sovereign returned to duty in the Mediterranean the next year and remained on the blockade of Toulon until November 1811, when she was ordered to return home to the Channel Fleet.After her useful active life she was converted to harbour service as a receiving ship at Plymouth before being renamed HMS Captain on 17 August 1825. HMS Royal Sovereign — Her or His Majesty’s Ship Royal Sovereign) (1786) — üçdorlu, 100 döyüş topuna malik Böyük Britaniya Kral Donamasına məxsus sayca üçüncü I ranq xətt gəmisi. 8月17日にJW59船団の護衛の一隻としてイギリスを離れた(北極海輸送船団)[21]。6日後、船団を攻撃したドイツ潜水艦U711(英語版、ドイツ語版)艦長Hans-Günther Langeは「アルハンゲリスク」と駆逐艦に魚雷を命中させたと報告したが、これは誤りであり[22]実際は魚雷は早爆していた[23]。, 「アルハンゲリスク」を撃破したと考えていたドイツ軍は、コラに停泊する「アルハンゲリスク」に対して潜水艦による攻撃を幾度か行ったが防雷網の存在のため失敗に終わっている[22]。続いて特殊潜航艇ビーバー (Biber) による攻撃が計画されたが機械的な問題のため中止となっており、また実行されたとしてもその予定日には「アルハンゲリスク」はコラを離れていた[24]。, 「アルハンゲリスク」は8月29日に北洋艦隊に編入された[25]。「アルハンゲリスク」は第二次世界大戦時のソ連艦艇では最大のものであり[26]、Gordey Levchenko提督の旗艦となり、北極海での船団護衛に従事した[27]。, 1948年になると、イタリア戦艦ジュリオ・チェザーレ (Giulio Cesare) がソ連へ引き渡される[29]。その後、アルハンゲリスクは1949年2月4日にようやくイギリスへ返還された[26][30][4]。ソ連は当初「アルハンゲリスク」はイギリスまでの航海に耐えられないと主張して返還をのがれようとした。返還後、ソ連時代の劣悪な整備や衛生状態の悪さがたたり解体が決まった[31][4]。1949年4月5日に売却され[32]、スコットランド、インヴァーキージング(英語版)の「ソス・W・ウォード社(英語版)(Thos. [13] At the end of the action Collingwood signalled from the frigate to the rest of the fleet to prepare to anchor. HMS Royal Sovereign — 100-пушечный линейный корабль первого ранга. [13] Having his ship too much disabled by enemy fire[15] at just before of 6 pm Collingwood, who had succeeded Nelson in command of the fleet had to transfer himself and his flag to the frigate Euryalus,[15] while Euryalus sent a cable across and took Royal Sovereign in tow for second time. HMS Royal Sovereign (1786) was a 100-gun first-rate launched in 1786. "[4], Under Admiral Collingwood she was the first ship of the fleet in action at Trafalgar on 21 October 1805, she led one column of warships; Nelson's Victory led the other. HMS Royal Sovereign was originally laid down as a 121-gun first-rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy. В 1833 году, перед спуском на воду she had most of her masts shot away Skagerrakschlacht in gestellt... 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